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Is it possible to have sex at the end of the month

Is it possible to have sex at the end of the month

Is it possible to have sex at the end of the month

Everyday Health Sexual Health Sexual HealthIs It Safe to Have Sex During Your Period?Find out all you need to know to stay safe while being sexually intimate at that time of the month.Medically Reviewed by Justin Laube, MDDont Miss ThisSign Up for Our Womens Health NewsletterThanks for signing up! You might also like these other newsletters:Sign up for more FREE Everyday Health newsletters .Oops! Please enter a valid email addressSign upOops! Please enter a valid email addressOops! Please select a newsletterYou dont have to give up sex while youre menstruating.Aleksandar NakicGetty ImagesFast FactsNot only is sex during your period safe, but you may feel more sexually aroused during this time, too.Youre less likely to need lubricants if you engage in intercourse during menstruation.Safe sex is essential even during your period to prevent infections like HIV .Just because youre having your period doesnt mean you have to forego sex. For some women, sexual activity during menstruation can be even more pleasurable than at other times of the month.The need for lubrication lessens during your period, and some studies show that sex can soothe periodrelated symptoms, such as cramps. And a study published in 2013 inCephalalgia concluded that sexual activity may reduce migraine and cluster headache pain for some.Sex is a normal part of life and should be enjoyed by all women, says Carrie Coleman, MD , an obgyn at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. Basically, ensuring you have good contraception and STI (sexually transmitted infection) prevention throughout the menstrual cycle should make it even more safe and enjoyable.But before having sex, make sure you understand the risks of STIs, other infections, and pregnancy even during your period.Heres what you need to know about having safe sex during your period.Infection Risk From Sex During Your PeriodIts crucial to practice safe sex while youre having your period because you could still get or transmit an STI, like HIV , during this time, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention . The virus may be present in menstrual blood. Therefore doctors strongly encourage using a condom to decrease this risk.Lauren Streicher, MD , associate clinical professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Northwestern Universitys Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago, says that anecdotally speaking, there are two reasons for this risk. Any bodily fluid can carry HIV or other STIs, and during your period, the cervix opens slightly, which might allow viruses to pass through, she says. My message to women is youre not off the hook as far as using protection.You may also be more prone to some infections in general at this time. Your vagina maintains a pH level of 3.8 to 4.5 throughout the month, according to the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). But during menstruation, that level rises because of the higher pH level of blood, and yeast is able to grow more rapidly.Symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection are more likely to occur the week before your menstrual period, and intercourse during this time can exacerbate symptoms. But clear evidence is lacking for any increased risk of getting a yeast infection if you have sex during your period.Theres also the dreaded UTI. Some women can be more prone to having urinary tract infections after intercourse, says Dr. Coleman. But this is more likely related to bacteria being able to easily travel to the bladder with intercourse, but it may happen at any point during the menstrual cycle.Risk of Pregnancy During Your PeriodHaving sex when youre menstruating will most likely not result in getting pregnant, because youre usually several days away from ovulating during menstruation. But there are exceptions. If you have a shorter menstrual cycle (21 to 24 days) and you have sex toward the end of your period, sperm can remain viable in your vagina for up to five days, so pregnancy is possible. But this is not an optimal time to try to get pregnant if youre hoping for a baby.Less Need for Vaginal LubricationYoure less likely to need lubricants if you engage in intercourse during menstruation, because menstrual discharge tends to provide enough lubrication. If you do need a lubricant, then waterbased lubricants are widely available and safe both for sex and for condoms, says obgyn James Simon, MD , clinical professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the George Washington University School of Medicine in Washington, D.C. Silicone and hybrid lubricants that are waterbased and siliconebased are likewise safe for both sex and condoms. Oilbased lubricants, especially mineraloil based lubricants, can deteriorate condoms increasing the risk of breakage and are not recommended with latex condoms, he says.Period Sex as a Pain RelieverIf you experience symptoms such as cramping, feelings of sadness, or depression during your period, having sex at this time may be beneficial. Dr.Streicher says that because orgasms release endorphins feel good hormones like oxytocin and dopamine you can theoretically say that they will also decrease some period symptoms. Theres no harm in trying, she says.Sexual Arousal During Your PeriodYou may feel more sexually aroused and sensitive during this time of the month because of the changes in your hormone levels. Hall says many women experience an increased feeling of congestion in the pelvic area, which can also ramp up your sex drive. But for some women, this extra sensitivity may make it uncomfortable to have sex during this time. The bottom line is to make sure that both you and your partner are comfortable with the situation. Dont assume anything, Dr. Simon says. Open questions with honest answers beforehand are paramount.Last Updated:

NextPeriod at the beginning end of a month?!?Ok, My period has been soooooo irregular all my life, now it starting to straighten up! My problem is, I had my period at the beginning of this month, now I have it again! I dont really know if that is normal or not. I went for a blood test the other day to see if im diabetic (which is a whole nother... show more Ok, My period has been soooooo irregular all my life, now it starting to straighten up! My problem is, I had my period at the beginning of this month, now I have it again! I dont really know if that is normal or not. I went for a blood test the other day to see if im diabetic (which is a whole nother story) but anyways, if I had cervial or ovarian cancer, do you think the blood test would have detected it? The doctor said everything seemed fine! But, is it normal or could it just be my period straightening up? No, im not pregnant!Follow

Fertility Problems Solutions QACan you get pregnant any time during the month? Or do you have to be ovulating??Me and my boyfriend have decided we are ready for a baby and I was wondering if I had to time intercourse when I ovulate or if that just increases the chances. Thank you!!!!Most recentBEST ANSWERSuzmama is right. You cannot get pregnant anytime of the month... You MUST be ovulating to get pregnant, which is why getting pregnant can get complicated. However, Suz you are fertile 35days out of the month 1 day being MOST fertile.. at least this is what my doctor always told me. (actually 2 doctors, since I have moved.)Answered 6221110 found this helpfulYou can get pregnant anytime of the month but alot easier when you are ovulating hope that helps and good luck :)a BabyCenter memberAnswered 622118 found this helpfulYou dont HAVE to be ovulating. There have even been women who have gotten pregnant while menstruating. The chances of that happening are extremely low though. Most women only get pregnant during ovulation but it is possible to conceive at other times as well.a BabyCenter memberAnswered 127117 found this helpfulI have gotten pregnant and honestly, I didnt even plan it. Nor when I was ovulating. Some people say it39s rare, but I guess I39m just a lucky rare person (: just sharing a little something from me . Hopefully this helps somehow.a BabyCenter memberAnswered 110147 found this helpfulDont forget the sperm can hang out and wait for up to 5 days maybe! So even if youre not ovulating you can still get pregnant while the sperm are camped out waiting for the egg!Answered 425127 found this helpfulI am 8 weeks pregnant and I conceived while I was not ovulating. I was shocked when they told me my test result was positive. I think that when you are ovulating it is a much higher chance to become pregnant, of course, but there is a slight chance that it can still occur when you are not.Answered 528167 found this helpfuli will have to agree with the two ladies that said you have to ovulate and have the egg released to be pregnant....thats what it take so there is no possible way to get pregnant is your are not ovulating or there is no egg. i hadnt had a period in 3yrs but i got preg with my son because i ovulatedAnswered 627116 found this helpfulThere is only 1 day a month when your egg is released and ready to be fertilized. it is the 14 days before you start yr period. I hear sperm can live a few days so most people try up to 4 days before your anticipated ovulation and maybe the day or so after just in case. U cannot get pregnant if there is no egg so no u cannot get pregnant anytime of the month! u should use the ovulation calculators on this site and read some articles on conception.Answered 622116 found this helpfulAfter TTC for 3 years it has finally happened! After attending a fertility specialist we had the usual tests done semen analysis, my AMH if I was ovulating etc and everything was perfect but we were not conceiving and it was heartbreaking to say the least. The specialist then suggested and HSG so after this was performed I was told I had swelling in my tubes and no dye was passing through you can imagine how devastated we were I had no recollection of any infection so I was extremely upset. The dr then explained that he could perform a lap and dye to confirm for sure the blockage but didn39t advise it as I was already in IVF list. I was stumbled into http:pregnancyhours.com and I thought I should try this. A couple of months after following that book, I39m pregnant and now my son is 1 month old. He39s very healthy and I love him so much.a BabyCenter member

Send by emailCan I Increase My Odds of Conceiving Choose Gender?What does it mean to time lovemaking? To provide a brief summary, timing intercourse (i.e., procreative sex) refers to planning to make love around your most fertile time of the month, the days just preceding and during ovulation. You do not need a stopwatch to time intercourse its not a race but you may need an ovulation calendar or fertility chart (or ovulation tests ) so you can identify your fertile window those crucial days of the month when you can conceive a baby.What is my Window of High Fertility?Peak fertility is a short window of opportunity just a small handful of days each month when getting pregnant becomes possible. Lets look at the variables involved in conceiving...First, pregnancy is only possible if an ovum (or egg) is present and this occurs when you ovulate sometime during the middle of your menstrual cycle. Once you ovulate, the ovum can survive for about 24 hours. Sperm, on the other hand, can survive for a few days inside a womans body. In an ideal situation (e.g., healthymotile sperm, an abundance of fertilequality cervical mucus ), sperm can live about five days inside the vagina and womb. Given this ideal, the duration of the fertile window will be six days: the five days preceding ovulation and the 24 hours following the release of the ovum. However, the fact is that fertile cervical fluids may not be present in all women several days before ovulation and not all sperm will be able to survive so long due to variables like sperm metabolism, sperm longevity, pH levels of the vagina, quality and quantity of CM.Statistically speaking, peak fertility comes down to the two prior to when you ovulate and the 24 hours after the egg is released (even though it may be theoretically possible to become pregnant within the wider five or six day window). Therefore, if you can identify your fertile window accurately and time intercourse, your chances of getting pregnant are vastly improved.Frequency of Intercourse at High FertilityResearch indicates time and again that making love regularly throughout your entire cycle and specifically during the three days of your fertile window is the key to becoming pregnant sooner. Unless the male partner has documented issues with sperm count, you can make love as much as you want throughout your cycle. In other words, it is not necessary to hold off on sex (or reduce the frequency of intercourse) during nonfertile days to ensure there is a reservoir of sperm present. In fact, doctors recommend that you make love on nonfertile days as well. If sperm count problems are an issue, your doctor can advise you when and how often you should time sex.When it comes to your fertile time (those three key days noted above), frequency of intercourse should be increased and you should try to make love at least once per fertile day. Each day you make love during this 72hour, highfertility window, your odds of becoming pregnant get better and better.Pinpointing Ovulation and Timing LovemakingIf you know or can predict when you ovulate each month, then you can easily identify your fertile window and time intercourse accordingly. OvulationCalculator.com offers tons of methods and tips on predicting your most fertile time, from using OPKs, ovuscopes, and fertility monitors to developing a comprehensive fertility calendar that integrates bbt charting with observing fertility signs like changes in cervical mucus, midcycle pains, position of cervix, etc. Please delve through our website to learn more about these ovulation prediction techniques !Timing Lovemaking to Choose Baby GenderIs it possible to choose the gender of my future child through timing lovemaking? A good question! And while there is much literature on this issue and plenty of theories that revolve around timing sex, special gender diets, and sexual positions, scientists, doctors, and researchers are still engaged in heated debate over the efficacy of various gender selection techniques. In a nutshell, dominant theories like the Shettles Method suggest that you can influence the gender of your baby by timing intercourse. These theories are based on the following principles.1. The fathers sperm determines the gender of a baby. A sperm either carries an X chromosome (girl) or a Y chromosome (boy). Each type of sperm (girl or boy) exhibits different physical characteristics.2. X chromosome sperm are slow but more robust. They have a long lifespan. Y chromosome sperm exhibit high motility, they are fast, small, but have a relatively short life span.3. By timing sex close to ovulation, you favor the Y chromosome sperm (boys) as they can swim quickly and reach the egg first. Lifespan and resiliency is less of a factor.4. By timing sex further from ovulation (at the start of peak fertility only), you favor the X chromosome sperm (girls) who are larger, stronger, but swim more slowly. Speed is less a factor than lifespan and resiliency.To learn more about choosing gender , visit our three part article series on these methods. However, it should be made clear that trying to time intercourse to select gender means that you are reducing the days and frequency of lovemaking during your fertile window. While you may increase the chances of having a boy or a girl, you will decrease the overall odds of conceiving! When you consider that fact that these gender selection theories are largely dismissed by a big part of the scientificmedical community, you may wish to focus on conception itself while leaving gender to fate and destiny!Read More:

Pregnancy Week by Week QAIs it possible to still have your period while you are pregnant?Meaning if you have your period like you always due and then find out tht you were pregnant the whole time.Most recentBEST ANSWERThey taught us in school or should I say Child development that you can have a regular period when your pregnant, just there is no egg released bc your already pregnant. I didnt believe this until my cousin told me that during her whole preg she had a regular menstrual period, a week before she delivered she had a cycle, and that goes for both her children. So yes it is very possible to have a period and still be pregnant just your one of the unlucky few who dont get to enjoy the dry spell for nine months.82607200 found this helpfulwas facing the same problem and nobody could tell me for sure if I39m pregnant or not except one man who does it just by looking at your pics. I was recommended to find his group at facebook and he was correct for me. This group is called Baby gender by parents photoAnswered 101716180 found this helpfulYES!! YES!! YES!! i know this for a fact because ir happened to me!! when i was preg with my 2nd son i had my period all the way till i was 6 months preg, its more common then you would think...a woman can still have her period while preg there just won39t be an egg...hence your pregnant....hope this helped someone out there...i know this question was asked a long time ago but i still figured i would answer it just in case someone was searching and came across this somehowAnswered 7613133 found this helpfulThis is what I found: While periods cannot happen while you are pregnant, other forms of bleeding are possible and would be difficult to distinguish from a period. (William D. McIntosh, MD, FACOG) I also found this: Occasionally, ovulation can cause some spotting, which can be mistaken for a period.A woman may think she is safe just at the most unsafe time. Bleeding may represent implantation of a fertilized ovum, too. (ivillage.com) Remember: The best way to find out if youre pregnant when a pregnancy test is negative (bc you CAN have a false negative...) is to go to your OB and get a blood test. Sometimes the PG hormone is faint and hard to detect...but that doesnt mean its not there...Answered 82407119 found this helpfulIts very possible to be pregnant have your period. I had a normal period just before I found out that I was pregnant. My period ended on a Monday. I had symptoms right after it ended. Nausea, dizziness, breast tenderness, headaches, bloating, food cravings. Didnt think anything of it until 7 days later when I was still feeling nauseated. I went to the store and bought two pregnancy tests. They both came up positive right away. Went to the doctor and found out I was pregnant for sure. So, yes, you can have a few menstrual cycles while pregnant.AnonymousAnswered 1170898 found this helpfuli am in the same sitution i am having all the symtoms of being pregnant but i am still having my cycle but last month i had a normal period for two days than i had just spotting for two and than it went back to normal for a day and a half i took like four HPT only one came back positiveAnonymousAnswered 1190771 found this helpfulIve heard it can happen. In fact, it happened to me. My second child was born a month early, but weighing in at 7 lbs 5 ozs, something tells me she was born on time. I had my period the entire first month I was pregnant and thats why my edd was so screwed up!Answered 10220767 found this helpfulIt is possible because I was 10wks.with my frist child, 4months with my second child,and 17wks with my thrid child when I found out and all were surprises because I had normal periods on time every month when I found out with my babies.....so yes it can and do happen....Answered 3141253 found this helpfulHi! Well I had a regular period in May and in June it was a week late. Numerous times after the May period and during the week of the late June period we had sex. The day my period finally came in June I left for some military training in another state that would last 30 days. This period was regular, sort of heavy, and lasted about 5 days. So my July period was supposed to come on about two days before I returned home but it didnt. Last week I found out I was pregnant. So I had to get pregnant before I had that period in June. So either it was not what you call a period or it can happen! Good Luck!Answered 8170940 found this helpfulLadies I need some advice. I did a preg test on 12th from a clear blue and both had faint positive . The reason to push me to do the test , I was feeling nauseated, acidity , metallic taste in mouth and always feeling tired and run down . I was overjoyed as its taking me nearly three years to try n have a baby. After a week I39m having my period now but still getting the symptoms of pregnancy . I dunno what to do and why after a faint positive I39m having a period oucha BabyCenter member

NextOk so i got my period twice in march. the beginning and the end of the month. could i be pregnant?my period came on march 1st and last about 3 or 4 days. it started out light then went to this brownish reddish blood. then my period came on march 27th and last about 3 or 4 days. it started heavy then for one day, then it was light for the rest with also the brownish reddish blood at the end of it. could i be... show more my period came on march 1st and last about 3 or 4 days. it started out light then went to this brownish reddish blood. then my period came on march 27th and last about 3 or 4 days. it started heavy then for one day, then it was light for the rest with also the brownish reddish blood at the end of it. could i be pregnant? now me and my boyfriend has unprotected sex every time, but for the past 5 months i havent gotten pregnant. could i now be getting pregnant? now its also not normal for me to get my period twice in a month but my doctor said it was normal. what should i do?Update: thank you for the help. also since i got it twice last month and normally my period comes on in the beginning of the month should i expect it to come on this month? or no?Update 2: thank you everyone for your answers. i wouldnt mind getting pregnant right now, i love my bf a lot and we have a life together. i really would like to get pregnant but it just seems like it wont happen. i didnt know what to think about getting my period twice in a month, maybe it was just false hope. but this... show more thank you everyone for your answers. i wouldnt mind getting pregnant right now, i love my bf a lot and we have a life together. i really would like to get pregnant but it just seems like it wont happen. i didnt know what to think about getting my period twice in a month, maybe it was just false hope. but this month my appetite has increased, ive been sleeping a lot, and peeing alot. but i still feel like theres no hope.Update 3: snowbarbie, i know how my period works. i asked could i be pregnant because the one and only time i got my period twice in a month, i missed my period the next month and found out i was pregnant. only thing is, it was slightly different than the first time it happened. i just wasnt sure and wanted to get advice... show more snowbarbie, i know how my period works. i asked could i be pregnant because the one and only time i got my period twice in a month, i missed my period the next month and found out i was pregnant. only thing is, it was slightly different than the first time it happened. i just wasnt sure and wanted to get advice on it.Follow

Jump to: navigation , searchThis article is about pregnancy in humans . For other mammals, see Pregnancy (mammals) . For fish, see Pregnancy in fish .Pregnancy40weeks from the last menstrual period 4 5Causes edit on Wikidata Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman . 4 A multiple pregnancy involves more than one offspring, such as with twins . 12 Pregnancy can occur by sexual intercourse or assisted reproductive technology . 6 Childbirth typically occurs around 40weeks from the last menstrual period (LMP). 4 5 This is just over nine months , where each month averages 29 days. 4 5 When measured from conception it is about 38 weeks. 5 An embryo is the developing offspring during the first eight weeks following conception, after which, the term fetus is used until birth. 5 Symptoms of early pregnancy may include missed periods , tender breasts, nausea and vomiting , hunger, and frequent urination. 1 Pregnancy may be confirmed with a pregnancy test . 7Pregnancy is typically divided into three trimesters. 4 The first trimester is from week one through 12 and includes conception. 4 Conception is when the sperm fertilizes the egg. The fertilized egg then travels down the fallopian tube and attaches to the inside of the uterus , where it begins to form the embryo and placenta . 4 The first trimester carries the highest risk of miscarriage (natural death of embryo or fetus). 2 The second trimester is from week 13 through 28. 4 Around the middle of the second trimester, movement of the fetus may be felt. 4 At 28 weeks, more than 90 of babies can survive outside of the uterus if provided with highquality medical care. 4 The third trimester is from 29 weeks through 40 weeks. 4Prenatal care improves pregnancy outcomes. 9 Prenatal care may include taking extra folic acid , avoiding drugs and alcohol, regular exercise, blood tests, and regular physical examinations . 9 Complications of pregnancy may include disorders of high blood pressure , gestational diabetes , irondeficiency anemia , and severe nausea and vomiting among others. 3 Term pregnancy is 37 to 41 weeks, with early term being 37 and 38 weeks, full term 39 and 40 weeks, and late term 41 weeks. 4 After 41 weeks, it is known as post term . 4 Babies born before 37 weeks are preterm and are at higher risk of health problems such as cerebral palsy . 4 Delivery before 39 weeks by labor induction or caesarean section is not recommended unless required for other medical reasons. 13About 213 million pregnancies occurred in 2012, of which, 190 million were in the developing world and 23 million were in the developed world. 10 The number of pregnancies in women ages 15 to 44 is 133 per 1,000 women. 10 About 10 to 15 of recognized pregnancies end in miscarriage. 2 In 2013, complications of pregnancy resulted in 293,000 deaths, down from 377,000 deaths in 1990. 11 Common causes include maternal bleeding , complications of abortion , high blood pressure of pregnancy, maternal sepsis , and obstructed labor . 11 Globally, 40 of pregnancies are unplanned . 10 Half of unplanned pregnancies are aborted . 10 Among unintended pregnancies in the United States, 60 of the women used birth control to some extent during the month pregnancy occurred. 14TerminologyWilliam Hunter , Anatomia uteri humani gravidi tabulis illustrata, 1774Associated terms for pregnancy are gravid and parous. Gravidus and gravid come from the Latin for heavy and a pregnant female is sometimes referred to as a gravida . 15 Gravidity is a term used to describe the number of times that a female has been pregnant. Similarly, the term parity is used for the number of times that a female carries a pregnancy to a viable stage . 16 Twins and other multiple births are counted as one pregnancy and birth. A woman who has never been pregnant is referred to as a nulligravida. A woman who is (or has been only) pregnant for the first time is referred to as a primigravida, 17 and a woman in subsequent pregnancies as a multigravida or as multiparous. 15 18 Therefore, during a second pregnancy a woman would be described as gravida 2, para 1 and upon live delivery as gravida 2, para 2. Inprogress pregnancies, abortions , miscarriages and or stillbirths account for parity values being less than the gravida number. In the case of a multiple birth the gravida number and parity value are increased by one only. Women who have never carried a pregnancy achieving more than 20 weeks of gestation age are referred to as nulliparous. 19The terms preterm and postterm have largely replaced earlier terms of premature and postmature. Preterm and postterm are defined above, whereas premature and postmature have historical meaning and relate more to the infants size and state of development rather than to the stage of pregnancy. 20 21Signs and symptomsMain article: Symptoms and discomforts of pregnancyMelasma pigment changes to the face due to pregnancyThe symptoms and discomforts of pregnancy are those presentations and conditions that result from pregnancy but do not significantly interfere with activities of daily living or pose a threat to the health of the mother or baby. This is in contrast to pregnancy complications . Sometimes a symptom that is considered a discomfort can be considered a complication when it is more severe. For example, nausea ( morning sickness ) can be a discomfort, but if, in combination with significant vomiting it causes a waterelectrolyte imbalance , it is a complication known as hyperemesis gravidarum .Common symptoms and discomforts of pregnancy include:Tiredness.Back painBraxton Hicks contractions . Occasional, irregular, and often painless contractions that occur several times per day.Edema (swelling). Common complaint in advancing pregnancy. Caused by compression of the inferior vena cava and pelvic veins by the uterus leads to increased hydrostatic pressure in lower extremities.Increased urinary frequency . A common complaint, caused by increased intravascular volume, elevated glomerular filtration rate , and compression of the bladder by the expanding uterus.Urinary tract infection 22Varicose veins . Common complaint caused by relaxation of the venous smooth muscle and increased intravascular pressure.Haemorrhoids (piles). Swollen veins at or inside the anal area. Caused by impaired venous return, straining associated with constipation, or increased intraabdominal pressure in later pregnancy. 23Stretch marksBreast tenderness is common during the first trimester, and is more common in women who are pregnant at a young age. 24In addition, pregnancy may result in pregnancy complication such as deep vein thrombosis or worsening of an intercurrent disease in pregnancy .ChronologyThe chronology of pregnancy is, unless otherwise specified, generally given as gestational age , where the starting point is the womans last normal menstrual period (LMP), or the corresponding age of the gestation as estimated by a more accurate method if available. Sometimes, timing may also use the fertilization age which is the age of the embryo.Start of gestational ageAccording to American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists , the main methods to calculate gestational age are: 25Directly calculating the days since the beginning of the last menstrual period .Early obstetric ultrasound , comparing the size of an embryo or fetus to that of a reference group of pregnancies of known gestational age (such as calculated from last menstrual periods), and using the mean gestational age of other embryos or fetuses of the same size. If the gestational age as calculated from an early ultrasound is contradictory to the one calculated directly from the last menstrual period, it is still the one from the early ultrasound that is used for the rest of the pregnancy. 25In case of in vitro fertilization , calculating days since oocyte retrieval or coincubation and adding 14 days. 26Estimation of due dateDistribution of gestational age at childbirth among singleton live births, given both when gestational age is estimated by first trimester ultrasound and directly by last menstrual period. 27 Roughly 80 of births occur between 37 and 41 weeks of gestational age.Main article: Estimated date of confinementDue date estimation basically follows two steps:Determination of which time point is to be used as origin for gestational age , as described in section above.Adding the estimated gestational age at childbirth to the above time point. Childbirth on average occurs at a gestational age of 280 days (40 weeks), which is therefore often used as a standard estimation for individual pregnancies. 28 However, alternative durations as well as more individualized methods have also been suggested.Naegeles rule is a standard way of calculating the due date for a pregnancy when assuming a gestational age of 280 days at childbirth. The rule estimates the expected date of delivery (EDD) by adding a year, subtracting three months, and adding seven days to the origin of gestational age. Alternatively there are mobile apps , which essentially always give consistent estimations compared to each other and correct for leap year , while pregnancy wheels made of paper can differ from each other by 7 days and generally do not correct for leap year. 29Furthermore, actual childbirth has only a certain probability of occurring within the limits of the estimated due date. A study of singleton live births came to the result that childbirth has a standard deviation of 14 days when gestational age is estimated by first trimester ultrasound , and 16 days when estimated directly by last menstrual period. 27PhysiologyTimeline of pregnancy by gestational ageInitiationSee also: Human fertilizationFertilization and implantation in humansThrough an interplay of hormones that includes follicle stimulating hormone that stimulates folliculogenesis and oogenesis creates a mature egg cell , the female gamete . Fertilization is the event where the egg cell fuses with the male gamete, spermatozoon . After the point of fertilization, the fused product of the female and male gamete is referred to as a zygote or fertilized egg. The fusion of male and female gametes usually occurs following the act of sexual intercourse . Pregnancy rates for sexual intercourse are highest during the menstrual cycle time from some 5 days before until 1 to 2 days after ovulation. 30 Fertilization can also occur by assisted reproductive technology such as artificial insemination and in vitro fertilisation .Fertilization (conception) is sometimes used as the initiation of pregnancy, with the derived age being termed fertilization age . Fertilization usually occurs about two weeks before the next expected menstrual period.A third point in time is also considered by some people to be the true beginning of a pregnancy: This is time of implantation, when the future fetus attaches to the lining of the uterus. This is about a week to ten days after fertilization. 31 In this model, during the time between conception and implantation, the future fetus exists, but the woman is not considered pregnant.Development of embryo and fetusThe initial stages of human embryogenesisThe sperm and the egg cell, which has been released from one of the females two ovaries , unite in one of the two fallopian tubes . The fertilized egg, known as a zygote , then moves toward the uterus, a journey that can take up to a week to complete. Cell division begins approximately 24 to 36 hours after the male and female cells unite. Cell division continues at a rapid rate and the cells then develop into what is known as a blastocyst . The blastocyst arrives at the uterus and attaches to the uterine wall, a process known as implantation .The development of the mass of cells that will become the infant is called embryogenesis during the first approximately ten weeks of gestation. During this time, cells begin to differentiate into the various body systems. The basic outlines of the organ, body, and nervous systems are established. By the end of the embryonic stage, the beginnings of features such as fingers, eyes, mouth, and ears become visible. Also during this time, there is development of structures important to the support of the embryo, including the placenta and umbilical cord . The placenta connects the developing embryo to the uterine wall to allow nutrient uptake, waste elimination, and gas exchange via the mothers blood supply. The umbilical cord is the connecting cord from the embryo or fetus to the placenta.After about ten weeks of gestational age, the embryo becomes known as a fetus . At the beginning of the fetal stage, the risk of miscarriage decreases sharply. 32 At this stage, a fetus is about 30mm (1.2inches) in length, the heartbeat is seen via ultrasound, and the fetus makes involuntary motions. 33 During continued fetal development, the early body systems, and structures that were established in the embryonic stage continue to develop. Sex organs begin to appear during the third month of gestation. The fetus continues to grow in both weight and length, although the majority of the physical growth occurs in the last weeks of pregnancy.Electrical brain activity is first detected between the fifth and sixth week of gestation. It is considered primitive neural activity rather than the beginning of conscious thought. Synapses begin forming at 17 weeks, and begin to multiply quickly at week 28 until 3 to 4 months after birth. 34Embryo at 4 weeks after fertilization. (Gestational age of 6 weeks.)Fetus at 8 weeks after fertilization. (Gestational age of 10 weeks.)Fetus at 18 weeks after fertilization. (Gestational age of 20 weeks.)Fetus at 38 weeks after fertilization. (Gestational age of 40 weeks.)Relative size in 1st month (simplified illustration)Relative size in 3rd month (simplified illustration)Relative size in 5th month (simplified illustration)Relative size in 9th month (simplified illustration)Maternal changesMain article: Maternal physiological changes in pregnancyBreast changes as seen during pregnancy. The areolae are larger and darker.During pregnancy, the woman undergoes many physiological changes, which are entirely normal, including cardiovascular , hematologic , metabolic , renal , and respiratory changes. Increases in blood sugar, breathing, and cardiac output are all required. Levels of progesterone and oestrogens rise continually throughout pregnancy, suppressing the hypothalamic axis and therefore also the menstrual cycle.The fetus is genetically different from the woman and can be viewed as an unusually successful allograft . 35 The main reason for this success is increased immune tolerance during pregnancy. 36 Immune tolerance is the concept that the body is able to not mount an immune system response against certain triggers. 35Pregnancy is typically broken into three periods, or trimesters, each of about three months. 37 38 Each trimester is defined as 14 weeks, for a total duration of 42 weeks, although the average duration of pregnancy is 40 weeks. 39 While there are no hard and fast rules, these distinctions are useful in describing the changes that take place over time.First trimesterThe uterus as it changes in size over the duration of the trimestersMinute ventilation increases by 40 in the first trimester. 40 The womb will grow to the size of a lemon by eight weeks. Many symptoms and discomforts of pregnancy like nausea and tender breasts appear in the first trimester. 41Second trimesterBy the end of the second trimester, the expanding uterus has created a visible baby bump. Although the breasts have been developing internally since the beginning of the pregnancy, most of the visible changes appear after this point.Weeks 13 to 28 of the pregnancy are called the second trimester. Most women feel more energized in this period, and begin to put on weight as the symptoms of morning sickness subside and eventually fade away. The uterus, the muscular organ that holds the developing fetus, can expand up to 20 times its normal size during pregnancy.Although the fetus begins to move during the first trimester, it is not until the second trimester that movement, often referred to as quickening , can be felt. This typically happens in the fourth month, more specifically in the 20th to 21st week, or by the 19th week if the woman has been pregnant before. It is common for some women not to feel the fetus move until much later. During the second trimester, most women begin to wear maternity clothes .Third trimesterThe uterus expands making up a larger and larger portion of the womans abdomen. At left anterior view with months labeled, at right lateral view labeling the last 4 weeks. During the final stages of gestation before childbirth the fetus and uterus will drop to a lower position.Final weight gain takes place, which is the most weight gain throughout the pregnancy. The womans abdomen will transform in shape as it drops due to the fetus turning in a downward position ready for birth. During the second trimester, the womans abdomen would have been upright, whereas in the third trimester it will drop down low. The fetus moves regularly, and is felt by the woman. Fetal movement can become strong and be disruptive to the woman. The womans navel will sometimes become convex, popping out, due to the expanding abdomen .Head engagement , where the fetal head descends into cephalic presentation , relieves pressure on the upper abdomen with renewed ease in breathing. It also severely reduces bladder capacity, and increases pressure on the pelvic floor and the rectum.It is also during the third trimester that maternal activity and sleep positions may affect fetal development due to restricted blood flow. For instance, the enlarged uterus may impede blood flow by compressing the vena cava when lying flat, which is relieved by lying on the left side. 42ChildbirthMain article: ChildbirthChildbirth, referred to as labor and delivery in the medical field, is the process whereby an infant is born. 43A woman is considered to be in labour when she begins experiencing regular uterine contractions, accompanied by changes of her cervix primarily effacement and dilation. While childbirth is widely experienced as painful, some women do report painless labours, while others find that concentrating on the birth helps to quicken labour and lessen the sensations. Most births are successful vaginal births, but sometimes complications arise and a woman may undergo a cesarean section .During the time immediately after birth, both the mother and the baby are hormonally cued to bond, the mother through the release of oxytocin , a hormone also released during breastfeeding . Studies show that skintoskin contact between a mother and her newborn immediately after birth is beneficial for both the mother and baby. A review done by the World Health Organization found that skintoskin contact between mothers and babies after birth reduces crying, improves motherinfant interaction, and helps mothers to breastfeed successfully. They recommend that neonates be allowed to bond with the mother during their first two hours after birth, the period that they tend to be more alert than in the following hours of early life. 44Childbirth maturity stages42 weeksIn the ideal childbirth labor begins on its own when a woman is at term. 47 Pregnancy is considered at term when gestation has lasted between 37 and 42 weeks. 46Events before completion of 37 weeks are considered preterm. 45 Preterm birth is associated with a range of complications and should be avoided if possible. 48Sometimes if a womans water breaks or she has contractions before 39 weeks, birth is unavoidable. 46 However, spontaneous birth after 37 weeks is considered term and is not associated with the same risks of a preterm birth. 43 Planned birth before 39 weeks by Caesarean section or labor induction , although at term, results in an increased risk of complications. 49 This is from factors including underdeveloped lungs of newborns , infection due to underdeveloped immune system, feeding problems due to underdeveloped brain, and jaundice from underdeveloped liver. 50Babies born between 39 and 41 weeks gestation have better outcomes than babies born either before or after this range. 46 This special time period is called full term. 46 Whenever possible, waiting for labor to begin on its own in this time period is best for the health of the mother and baby. 47 The decision to perform an induction must be made after weighing the risks and benefits, but is safer after 39 weeks. 47Events after 42 weeks are considered postterm . 46 When a pregnancy exceeds 42 weeks, the risk of complications for both the woman and the fetus increases significantly. 51 52 Therefore, in an otherwise uncomplicated pregnancy, obstetricians usually prefer to induce labour at some stage between 41 and 42 weeks. 53Postnatal periodMain article: PostnatalThe postnatal period, also referred to as the puerperium, begins immediately after delivery and extends for about six weeks. 43 During this period, the mothers body begins the return to prepregnancy conditions that includes changes in hormone levels and uterus size. 43DiagnosisThe beginning of pregnancy may be detected either based on symptoms by the woman herself, or by using pregnancy tests . However, an important condition with serious health implications that is quite common is the denial of pregnancy by the pregnant woman. About one in 475 denials will last until around the 20th week of pregnancy. The proportion of cases of denial, persisting until delivery is about 1 in 2500. 54 Conversely, some nonpregnant women have a very strong belief that they are pregnant along with some of the physical changes. This condition is known as a false pregnancy . 55Physical signsFurther information: Symptoms and discomforts of pregnancyLinea nigra in a woman at 22 weeks pregnantMost pregnant women experience a number of symptoms, 56 which can signify pregnancy. A number of early medical signs are associated with pregnancy. 57 58 These signs include:the presence of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in the blood and urineChadwicks sign (darkening of the cervix , vagina , and vulva )Goodells sign (softening of the vaginal portion of the cervix)Pigmentation of the linea alba linea nigra , (darkening of the skin in a midline of the abdomen , caused by hyperpigmentation resulting from hormonal changes, usually appearing around the middle of pregnancy). 57 58Darkening of the nipples and areolas due to an increase in hormones. 59BiomarkersFurther information: Pregnancy testPregnancy detection can be accomplished using one or more various pregnancy tests , 60 which detect hormones generated by the newly formed placenta , serving as biomarkers of pregnancy. 61 Blood and urine tests can detect pregnancy 12 days after implantation. 62 Blood pregnancy tests are more sensitive than urine tests (giving fewer false negatives). 63 Home pregnancy tests are urine tests, and normally detect a pregnancy 12 to 15 days after fertilization. 64 A quantitative blood test can determine approximately the date the embryo was conceived because HCG doubles every 36 to 48 hours. 43 A single test of progesterone levels can also help determine how likely a fetus will survive in those with a threatened miscarriage (bleeding in early pregnancy). 65UltrasoundMain article: Obstetric ultrasonographyObstetric ultrasonography can detect fetal abnormalities , detect multiple pregnancies , and improve gestational dating at 24 weeks. 66 The resultant estimated gestational age and due date of the fetus are slightly more accurate than methods based on last menstrual period. 67 Ultrasound is used to measure the nuchal fold in order to screen for Downs syndrome . 68ManagementFlowchart showing the recommended weight limits for lifting at work during pregnancy as a function of lifting frequency, weeks of gestation, and the position of the lifted object relative to the lifters body. 69Prenatal careMain articles: Prenatal care and preconception counselingPreconception counseling is care that is provided to a woman and or couple to discuss conception, pregnancy, current health issues and recommendations for the period before pregnancy. 70Prenatal medical care is the medical and nursing care recommended for women during pregnancy, time intervals and exact goals of each visit differ by country. 71 Women who are high risk have better outcomes if they are seen regularly and frequently by a medical professional than women who are low risk. 72 A woman can be labeled as high risk for different reasons including previous complications in pregnancy, complications in the current pregnancy, current medical diseases, or social issues. 73 74The aim of good prenatal care is prevention, early identification, and treatment of any medical complications. 75 A basic prenatal visit consists of measurement of blood pressure, fundal height , weight and fetal heart rate, checking for symptoms of labor, and guidance for what to expect next. 70NutritionMain article: Nutrition and pregnancyNutrition during pregnancy is important to ensure healthy growth of the fetus. 76 Nutrition during pregnancy is different from the nonpregnant state. 76 There are increased energy requirements and specific micronutrient requirements. 76 Women benefit from education to encourage a balanced energy and protein intake during pregnancy. 77 Some women may need professional medical advice if their diet is affected by medical conditions, food allergies, or specific religious ethical beliefs. 78Adequate periconceptional (time before and right after conception) folic acid (also called folate or Vitamin B9) intake has been shown to decrease the risk of fetal neural tube defects, such as spina bifida . 79 The neural tube develops during the first 28 days of pregnancy, a urine pregnancy test is not usually positive until 14 days postconception, explaining the necessity to guarantee adequate folate intake before conception. 64 80 Folate is abundant in green leafy vegetables , legumes , and citrus . 81 In the United States and Canada, most wheat products (flour, noodles) are fortified with folic acid. 82DHA omega3 is a major structural fatty acid in the brain and retina, and is naturally found in breast milk. 83 It is important for the woman to consume adequate amounts of DHA during pregnancy and while nursing to support her wellbeing and the health of her infant. 83 Developing infants cannot produce DHA efficiently, and must receive this vital nutrient from the woman through the placenta during pregnancy and in breast milk after birth. 84Several micronutrients are important for the health of the developing fetus, especially in areas of the world where insufficient nutrition is common. 85 Women living in low and middle income countries are suggested to take multiple micronutrient supplements containing iron and folic acid. 85 These supplements have been shown to improve birth outcomes in developing countries, but do not have an effect on perinatal mortality. 85 86 Adequate intake of folic acid, and iron is often recommended. 87 88 In developed areas, such as Western Europe and the United States, certain nutrients such as Vitamin D and calcium , required for bone development, may also require supplementation. 89 90 91 Vitamin E supplementation has not been shown to improve birth outcomes. 92 Zinc supplementation has been associated with a decrease in preterm birth, but it is unclear whether it is causative. 93 Daily iron supplementation reduces the risk of maternal anemia. 94 Studies of routine daily iron supplementation for pregnant women found improvement in blood iron levels, without a clear clinical benefit. 95 The nutritional needs for women carrying twins or triplets. are higher than those of women carrying one baby. 96Women are counseled to avoid certain foods, because of the possibility of contamination with bacteria or parasites that can cause illness. 97 Careful washing of fruits and raw vegetables may remove these pathogens, as may thoroughly cooking leftovers, meat, or processed meat. 98 Unpasteurized dairy and deli meats may contain Listeria , which can cause neonatal meningitis, stillbirth and miscarriage. 99 Pregnant women are also more prone to Salmonella infections, can be in eggs and poultry, which should be thoroughly cooked. 100 Cat feces and undercooked meats may contain the parasite Toxoplasma gondii and can cause toxoplasmosis . 98 Practicing good hygiene in the kitchen can reduce these risks. 101Women are also counseled to eat seafood in moderation and to eliminate seafood known to be high in mercury because of the risk of birth defects. 100 Pregnant women are counseled to consume caffeine in moderation, because large amounts of caffeine are associated with miscarriage. 43 However, the relationship between caffeine, birthweight, and preterm birth is unclear. 102Weight gainThe amount of healthy weight gain during a pregnancy varies. 103 Weight gain is related to the weight of the baby, the placenta, extra circulatory fluid, larger tissues, and fat and protein stores. 76 Most needed weight gain occurs later in pregnancy. 104The Institute of Medicine recommends an overall pregnancy weight gain for those of normal weight ( body mass index of 18.524.9), of 11.315.9kg (2535 pounds) having a singleton pregnancy. 105 Women who are underweight (BMI of less than 18.5), should gain between 12.718kg (2840lbs), while those who are overweight (BMI of 2529.9) are advised to gain between 6.811.3kg (1525lbs) and those who are obese (BMI30) should gain between 59kg (1120lbs). 106 These values reference the expectations for a term pregnancy.During pregnancy, insufficient or excessive weight gain can compromise the health of the mother and fetus. 104 The most effective intervention for weight gain in underweight women is not clear. 104 Being or becoming overweight in pregnancy increases the risk of complications for mother and fetus, including cesarean section , gestational hypertension , preeclampsia , macrosomia and shoulder dystocia . 103 Excessive weight gain can make losing weight after the pregnancy difficult. 103 107Around 50 of women of childbearing age in developed countries like the United Kingdom are overweight or obese before pregnancy. 107 Diet modification is the most effective way to reduce weight gain and associated risks in pregnancy. 107 A diet that has foods with a low glycemic index may help prevent the onset of gestational diabetes. 108MedicationMain article: Pharmaceutical drugs in pregnancyDrugs used during pregnancy can have temporary or permanent effects on the fetus. 109 Anything (including drugs) that can cause permanent deformities in the fetus are labeled as teratogens . 110 In the U.S., drugs were classified into categories A, B, C, D and X based on the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) rating system to provide therapeutic guidance based on potential benefits and fetal risks. 111 Drugs, including some multivitamins , that have demonstrated no fetal risks after controlled studies in humans are classified as Category A. 109 On the other hand, drugs like thalidomide with proven fetal risks that outweigh all benefits are classified as Category X. 109Recreational drugsThe use of recreational drugs in pregnancy can cause various pregnancy complications . 43Ethanol during pregnancy can cause fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder . 43 Studies have shown that light to moderate drinking during pregnancy might not pose a risk to the fetus, although no amount of alcohol during pregnancy can be guaranteed to be absolutely safe. 112Prenatal cocaine exposure is associated with premature birth , birth defects and attention deficit disorder . 43Prenatal methamphetamine exposure can cause premature birth and congenital abnormalities . 116 Shortterm neonatal outcomes show small deficits in infant neurobehavioral function and growth restriction. 117 Longterm effects in terms of impaired brain development may also be caused by methamphetamine use. 116Cannabis in pregnancy has been shown to be teratogenic in large doses in animals, but has not shown any teratogenic effects in humans. 43Exposure to toxinsPlay mediaA video describing research on N95 respirator use during advanced pregnancyIntrauterine exposure to environmental toxins in pregnancy has the potential to cause adverse effects on the development of the embryo fetus and to cause pregnancy complications . 43 Air pollution has been associated with low birth weight infants. 118 Conditions of particular severity in pregnancy include mercury poisoning and lead poisoning . 43 To minimize exposure to environmental toxins, the American College of NurseMidwives recommends: checking whether the home has lead paint , washing all fresh fruits and vegetables thoroughly and buying organic produce, and avoiding cleaning products labeled toxic or any product with a warning on the label. 119Pregnant women can also be exposed to toxins in the workplace , including airborne particles. The effects of wearing N95 filtering facepiece respirators are similar for pregnant women as nonpregnant women, and wearing a respirator for one hour does not affect the fetal heart rate. 120Sexual activityMain article: Sexual activity during pregnancyMost women can continue to engage in sexual activity throughout pregnancy. 121 Most research suggests that during pregnancy both sexual desire and frequency of sexual relations decrease. 122 123 In context of this overall decrease in desire, some studies indicate a secondtrimester increase, preceding a decrease during the third trimester. 124 125Sex during pregnancy is a lowrisk behavior except when the healthcare provider advises that sexual intercourse be avoided for particular medical reasons. 121 For a healthy pregnant woman, there is no safe or right way to have sex during pregnancy. 121 Pregnancy alters the vaginal flora with a reduction in microscopic speciesgenus diversity. 126ExerciseRegular aerobic exercise during pregnancy appears to improve (or maintain) physical fitness. 127 Physical exercise during pregnancy does appear to decrease the risk of Csection . 128 Bed rest , outside of research studies, is not recommended as there is no evidence of benefit and potential harm. 129The Clinical Practice Obstetrics Committee of Canada recommends that All women without contraindications should be encouraged to participate in aerobic and strengthconditioning exercises as part of a healthy lifestyle during their pregnancy. 130 Although an upper level of safe exercise intensity has not been established, women who were regular exercisers before pregnancy and who have uncomplicated pregnancies should be able to engage in high intensity exercise programs. 130 In general, participation in a wide range of recreational activities appears to be safe, with the avoidance of those with a high risk of falling such as horseback riding or skiing or those that carry a risk of abdominal trauma, such as soccer or hockey. 131The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists reports that in the past, the main concerns of exercise in pregnancy were focused on the fetus and any potential maternal benefit was thought to be offset by potential risks to the fetus. However, they write that more recent information suggests that in the uncomplicated pregnancy, fetal injuries are highly unlikely. 131 They do, however, list several circumstances when a woman should contact her health care provider before continuing with an exercise program: vaginal bleeding, dyspnea before exertion, dizziness, headache, chest pain, muscle weakness, preterm labor, decreased fetal movement, amniotic fluid leakage, and calf pain or swelling (to rule out thrombophlebitis ). 131SleepIt has been suggested that shift work and exposure to bright light at night should be avoided at least during the last trimester of pregnancy to decrease the risk of psychological and behavioral problems in the newborn. 132ComplicationsMain article: Complications of pregnancyEach year, ill health as a result of pregnancy is experienced (sometimes permanently) by more than 20 million women around the world. 133 In 2013 complications of pregnancy resulted in 293,000 deaths down from 377,000 deaths in 1990. Common causes include maternal bleeding (44,000), complications of abortion (44,000), high blood pressure of pregnancy (29,000), maternal sepsis (24,000), and obstructed labor (19,000). 11The following are some examples of pregnancy complications:

Answered by The WikiAnswers CommunityAnswers.com is making the world better one answer at a time.It simply means that your cycles last less than 30 days. You should track your cycles and see if this is the case. every now and then i have two periods in one month simply because i have a 24 day cycle, and because i thought i just had irregular periods for the longest time it was difficult for me to get pregnant, as soon as i tracked my cycle and found 24 days as a result i ended up pregnant!It simply means that your cycles last less than 30 days. You should track your cycles and see if this is the case. every now and then i have two periods in one month simply because i have a 24 day cycle, and because i thought i just had irregular periods for the longest time it was difficult for me to get pregnant, as soon as i tracked my cycle and found 24 days as a result i ended up pregnant!Minor edit?

The best weekly exercise routine for healthy,...Sex at the end of the periodThe egg cell is produced 14 days before the next period so, normally, it is produced between day 12 and day 16...15 July 2014QuestionI had unprotected sex last night. I have just had my period (started a week ago).Am I likely to get pregnant if I have unprotected sex at the end of a period?When is the range that you are likely to get pregnant?My periods have always been very regular, and usually come at the beginning of every month either on a Sunday or Monday.Please advise so I can decide whether to get the morning after pill.ADVERTISEMENT CONTINUE READING BELOWAnswerThe first day of your period is day 1 of your cycle . The average cycle is 28 days.The egg cell is produced 14 days before the next period so, normally, it is produced between day 12 and day 16.Sperm can live up to about 48 hours in the womb. So the most unsafe time for unprotected sex in a regular cycle is from day 10 to day 18 of your cycle.Youre on the safer side of the edge of being ok.MOST POPULARHowever, if it is really important to you not to be pregnant then the morning after pill is the only safe action it needs to be taken within 72 hours of the unprotected sex.Yours sincerely

Early Pregnancy SymptomsIn the First MonthUpdated on April 19, 2016moreLearn early symptoms of pregnancy that can appear within the first month.When exactly does the first month of pregnancy begin? What symptoms should you expect, and when should you expect them?These are all questions I had myself, and I will provide answers to them in this article. To begin, its important to define what the first month of pregnancy actually means.Surprisingly, most women (and this included myself!) dont realise exactly when their first month began until they discover that they are pregnant and are sitting in the doctors office having their due date calculated!The First Month of PregnancyWhen exactly does your first month of pregnancy begin?The convention to measure how many weeks pregnant you are is to count the number of weeks that have passed since your last menstrual period. Since you are most likely to conceive two weeks after your period, this means that when people talk about the first month of pregnancy, they are effectively talking about the two weeks before you conceived and the two weeks after you conceived. So although youre officially one month pregnant, youve only actually been pregnant for two weeks! Is that confusing or what?This strange convention is used because most people cant be 100 percent sure of their dates of conception, and this method at least provides a standard starting point.Whats surprising is that, though you might only actually be twoweeks pregnant, you may well experience one or more pregnancy symptoms by the end of your first month. However, as many early pregnancy symptoms are very similar to premenstrual symptoms, it is sometimes impossible to tell the difference. Though you will want to know sooner, the only sure way to know whether you are pregnant is through a pregnancy test, which you should take on the first day of your missed period.What Symptoms Might You Expect During That First Month?Breast tenderness is one early symptom of pregnancy you may experience.The pregnancy symptoms that you may experience during the first month are numerous and varied. In addition to possible spotting and a missed period, they can include any of the symptoms typical of the first trimester, as well as symptoms usually associated with premenstruation.Many of these symptoms are caused by the pregnancy hormones which begin to release in the mothers body when the embryo implants itself into her uterus, and this is why some women feel symptoms so early.Here is a menu of possible symptoms that you may or may not have during this time:SpottingLight implantation bleeding approximately one week after conception.Mood swingsSince these may come when youre expecting your period, they are often not recognised as a pregnancy sign.Breast tendernessThis can also be a rather confusing symptom, but it may be more extreme than normal tenderness that develops before your period. You might also notice visible veins on your breasts and your nipples becoming darker.Stomach crampsAs with breast tenderness, these might be worse than normal premenstrual cramps and last for longer than normal. Together with a late period, this might well signify pregnancy, though it will not be for certain.Feeling pregnantSometimes you just know!TirednessYou may feel fatigue, as your body is working extremely hard to develop your baby.Frequent urinationThis is caused by your kidneys working over time to process the extra body fluid a pregnancy accumulates as well as by the hCG pregnancy hormone. Later on, the same symptom will be caused by the baby putting pressure on your bladder.Morning sickness or nauseaContrary to the name, this can actually happen at any time of day.Food cravings and aversionsMost people have heard about food cravings in pregnancy foods youve always loved might also suddenly become repulsive to you.HeartburnIn early pregnancy, this is thought to be caused by the hormone progesterone. (Later on it is caused by the baby putting pressure on your abdomen.)ConstipationThis is also caused by progesterone. Progesterone is a musclerelaxing hormone that comes in handy when youre giving birth, but it can be a pain when it also acts on intestinal muscles and slows things down a little too much.Feeling faintFaintness is another side effect of progesterone, which can also relax your blood vessels, causing blood pressure to drop and dizziness to occur.Increased hungerOften described as incredible hungerremember, youre eating for two, even if one of you is very, very small.Heightened sense of smellIts not known for certain why this happens, but one theory is hormones (again!). This time, its estrogen, which also increases during pregnancy.HeadachesThere are many reasons for headaches during the first month of pregnancy stress may be one of them, but hormones and the increased volume of blood caused by pregnancy can also be factors.BackacheBack pain, particularly in the lumbar regions, is another possible negative side effect of that pesky progesterone hormone. It can loosen the ligaments around your pelvis, which can result in instability and pain.Thrush (AKA yeast infection)This is an unfortunate symptom, brought about by pregnancy hormones altering the natural balance of bacteria in the vagina. For some women, this is a very early pregnancy sign.Missed periodSome women fail to realize that they have missed their periods because they mistake spotting for their menstrual cycles. This can sometimes lead to confusion with their due dates. If the bleeding is very light, you may have missed your period.When Might You Get Your First Pregnancy Symptom?Fatigue is another early pregnancy symptom.Like any month of pregnancy, this first one differs greatly from woman to woman.The timing of that first pregnancy symptom also varies widelyboth between women and between each of their pregnancies. People have reported feeling their pregnancy:At conception. Some women claim to have felt conception, either as a pain or as some other sensation. (This is disputed by the medical profession, but who can say for sure?)One week after conception. You might notice some very light bleeding, known as spotting, as early as one week after conception. This is caused by the fertilised egg implanting in the lining of the uterus. Although it is noticeably lighter than a period, people often mistake it for one, especially as spotting can be accompanied by mood swings, cramping, and breast tenderness.At the end of month one. Many people start to suspect pregnancy when they miss a period. This is often the first symptom, and by this point, you can verify with a pregnancy test.Months (as many as nine) into the pregnancy. Some women may not experience any symptoms at all during the first month. And it is possible, particularly if you have irregular periods, to go several months without realising that youre pregnant! In rare cases, unsuspecting women have been admitted to the emergency ward with mysterious stomach painsonly to learn that they are in labor. This has happened to someone I know, so its not just something that happens on TV.What Happens During the First Month of Pregnancy?Below is a video of how a baby develops during its first month. Knowledge of the biology taking place can help explain many of the symptoms, such as spotting.The One Sure Way to Tell if Youre PregnantAlthough these are common first month pregnancy symptoms, its important to be aware that they may not necessarily indicate pregnancy. They can also be premenstrual symptoms, signs of other medical conditions, or the result of factors such as a change in a your diet or stress. So if you experience these symptoms at an early stage, it is a sign that you should take a pregnancy testthats the only way to be certain.If at the end of month one, you have already experienced some (or many) of these symptoms and discover that you are indeed pregnant, it may be a bit depressing to think that you still have another 36 weeks to go! However, be assured that some of these symptoms, particularly morning sickness, mood swings, and tiredness, will gradually ease off by the beginning of your second trimester. In fact, the second trimester is usually a time of renewed energy and a general feeling of wellbeing!And even if thats not the case for you, pregnancy doesnt last forever, and it will all be worth it in the end!If youve been pregnant, when did you have your first pregnancy symptom or know that you were pregnant?At the time of conceptionOne week after conception (when implantation takes place)Two weeks after conception (at the time of missed period)Later than this, but within the first trimesterAfter the first trimesterSee resultsNote on poll (291109):I find it very interesting that so many women (30 percent of the 366 who have voted so far) realised that they were pregnant or had their first pregnancy symptom just one week after conception. I had expected a much bigger majority to say that they hadnt realised until they had missed their period.Thanks for voting, and if you havent voted yet, please do!Related