Видео и фото

Is it possible to have sex with hpv

Is it possible to have sex with hpv

Is it possible to have sex with hpv

What Should I Know If My Partner Has HPV?Dating Someone With HPVView AllIt can be very scary to learn that you are dating someone with HPV. You may hear their diagnosis and worry about the possibility they may have cancer . You may worry about being infected with HPV or that cancer could affect you. However, its important to remember that HPV is extremely common. Most people with the virus never go on to develop cancer.In fact, many never have symptoms at all . The vast majority of HPV infections go away on their own, and people never notice they have them.In addition, when people do develop HPVrelated cancers, the cancers are usually extremely treatable. When caught early, treatment may simply involve removal of affected tissue. There is also data that oral cancers associated with HPV infection are more susceptible to radiation than similar tumors with other causes.Therefore, if youve just learned that you are dating someone with HPV, dont panic. It may not change your life much at all.Here are answers to some questions people have when they learn they are dating someone with HPV.Do I Have HPV, Too?When youre a young man whose female sexual partner has just called to tell you that shes been diagnosed with HPV, it can be hard to know what to do. Unlike most other STDs, theres no convenient way for men to get screened for HPV. Theres no commercial test used to detect the genital virus in men. Testing for oral HPV is available, but it isnt widely recommended.Just as most genital HPV infections will never cause warts or cancer , neither will most oral infections . Therefore, many doctors see testing as unnecessary.For women, testing is only slightly easier. There is a cervical HPV test . However, it isnt generally used for women in their 20s. Its mostly used if theyve had an abnormal Pap smear .In part, thats because most HPV infections will never cause problems. Its also because HPV is ubiquitous in young women who havent been vaccinated . Prior to widespread use of the HPV vaccines, the CDC estimated that at least half of all sexually active adults would be infected at some point in their lives. Historically that estimate has been as high as 80 percent. A 2008 study found that 18 percent of girls had already been infected with HPV by the time they turned 19.Should I Break Up With My Partner?As I mentioned above, most sexually active people will eventually be infected with HPV. Most of them will alsonever know they have it. It will never cause visible symptoms , such as genital warts . It wont lead to cancer. HPV infection can be serious, but it usually isnt.The fact that you know you are dating someone with HPV could be seen as a good thing. Many peoples partners are infected, and they dont have a clue. They cant have open and honest discussions about sexual risk. They dont know that its possible to reduce the risk of transmission during oral sex .Learning that your partner has HPV isnt a reason to break up with them. It may inspire you to be better about practicing safe sex , That said, I think that most people should work from the assumption that both they and theirpartner have HPV.Its true a good percentage of the time, even if theres often no way to find out.How Can I Reduce My Risk of Getting HPV?You cant completely protect yourself against HPV infection. However, there are several ways you can reduce your risk. One of the best ways is to consider being vaccinated , if you havent been already . Ideally, you would have been vaccinated before you started having sex. Thats why children are supposed to start the vaccination series at age 11 or 12. Still, it is possible to get vaccinated through your mid20s. That said, the vaccine may not be of much help if youre reading this.Because you know you are dating someone with HPV, theres a high probability youve already been exposed. Getting vaccinated wont hurt. It just may not offer as much protection.The other way to reduce your HPV risk is to consistently practice safer sex Thats something you should dofor both oral sex and intercourse. HPV spreads through skin to skin contact , sobarriers arent 100 percent protective, but...Using condoms for vaginal intercourse can reduce your risk of cervical and penile cancer.Practicing safer anal sex can reduce the risk of anal and penile cancer .Practicing safer cunnilingus and fellatio can reduce the risk of throat and oral cancers.These cancers are not hugely common, but they are on the rise. Thus, its worth taking reasonable steps to reduce your risk. Ending a relationship withsomeone because they have HPV is unnecessary. sing barriers is just a sensible plan.Sources:

Search this websiteHPV Myths FactsUnfortunately, myths and misconceptions about genital HPV abound, and in some cases do considerable harm. Bad information can cause a person to suffer terrible anxiety unnecessarily, to doubt a partners faithfulness, or even to undergo painful and expensive treatment that could have been avoided. Most dangerous of all, misinformation may lead people to neglect a very simple procedure that saves lives.But why? One reality is that some aspects of the virus are still poorly understood, even by medical researchers. There simply are no proven answers to many common questions.At the same time, much new information about HPV has been learned in recent years, reversing some previous assumptions about the virus. The result is that older publications may be inaccurate, when they mention HPV at all. Likewise, healthcare professionals, writers, and educators who have not kept up with recent research findings may continue to spread misconceptions.Another difficulty is that to some degree, the overall topic of genital HPV is complex and confusing to everyone, lay person and scientist alike.Below we take on some of the most common myths and misconceptions weve encountered on the topic of genital HPV and offer clear and accurate information in response.Myths and MisconceptionsMyth: Im the only person I know with HPV.Its easy to understand why so many people hold this misunderstanding about HPV. After all, public awareness of the virus is extremely low. Most people who contact ASHA with questions about HPV have never even heard of HPV until they were diagnosed.Those struggling with this troubling condition or strange new diagnosis rarely discuss it with others, since it would seem unlikely that they would understand. And othersyour secondbest friend, your cousin, your coworker, your neighbor across the streetlikewise feel constrained to keep silent about their HPV, thinking that you wouldnt understand.The net result is that very few people ever have the chance to place genital HPV in an accurate context, as the very common virus it really is. According to an article published in 1997 in the American Journal of Medicine, about 74 percent of Americansnearly three out of fourhave been infected with genital HPV at some point in their lives.Among those ages 1549, only one in four Americans has not had a genital HPV infection.Its true that most often genital HPV produces no symptoms or illness, and so a person who has been infected may never know about it. Experts estimate that at any given time, only about 1 of all sexually active Americans have visible genital warts. Far more women have abnormal Pap tests related to HPV infection, but in many cases health care providers do not explain the link between HPV and cervical infection, perpetuating the misunderstanding.Myth: Only people who have casual sex get STIs.Even with up to 19 million Americans contracting a sexually transmitted infection (STI) each year, many people continue to believe that only someone elsefor example, people who have multiple partners, sex outside of marriage, or a different lifestyleare at risk.It is true that a higher number of sexual partners over the course of a lifetime does correlate with a higher risk for STIs, including HPV. This is not because of any moral judgment concerning casual sex as compared with committed sex, but simply because the more sexual partners you have, the more likely you will have a partner who (knowingly or unknowingly) is carrying an STI.However, STIs can be passed along as readily in a loving, longterm relationship as in a onenight stand. And HPV is the virus to prove it. At least one study of middleclass, middleaged women, most of them married with children, found that 21 were infected with cervical HPV. In other studies, according to Nancy Kiviat, MD, a researcher at the University of Washington, about 80 of people who have had as few as four sexual partners have been infected with HPV.Myth: An HPV diagnosis means someone has cheated.This myth has been responsible for a great deal of anger, confusion, and heartache. It has led many people to tragically wrong conclusions because it fails to take into account one of the most mysterious aspects of genital HPV: its ability to lie latent.The virus can remain in the body for weeks, years, or even a lifetime, giving no sign of its presence. Or a genital HPV infection may produce warts, lesions, or cervical abnormalities after a latent period of months or even years.As mentioned above, most people who are infected with genital HPV never know it their virus does not call attention to itself in any way. In most cases, a person is diagnosed with HPV only because some troubling symptom drove him or her to a health care professional, or some abnormality was revealed in the course of a routine exam.But although careful examination can identify genital HPV infection, and laboratory tests may even narrow down the identification to a specific type among the two dozen or so that inhabit the genital tract, there is simply no way to find out how long a particular infection has been in place, or to trace it back to a particular partner.In a monogamous relationship, therefore, just as in an affair or even in an interval of no sexual relationships at all, an HPV diagnosis means only that the person contracted an HPV infection at some point in his or her life.Myth: Genital warts lead to cervical cancer.No one knows how many sleepless nights can be laid at the door of this myth. The truth, however, is that the fleshy growths we call genital warts are almost always benign. In the vast majority of cases, they do not lead to cancer, turn into cancer, or predispose a person toward developing cancer.According to Katherine Stone, MD, genital warts need not raise a red flag with regard to cancer in anyones mind. There are more than 70 types of human papillomavirus, and most are quite specific in the sites they can invade and the pathology they can cause. Those most strongly associated with cancer are HPV types 16, 18, 31, 45, and, to a lesser degree, half a dozen others. These are known as the highrisk types, not because they usually or frequently cause cancerin fact, cervical cancer is a rare disease in the United States today, and penile cancer even more sobut because, in the infrequent event that cancer does develop, it can usually be traced back to one of these types. Even so, it bears repeating: most women with highrisk HPV on their cervix will not develop cervical cancer.As for ordinary genital warts, says Doug Lowy, MD, chief of the Laboratory of Cellular Oncology at the National Cancer Institute, These are caused by HPV types that are virtually never found in cancer. These are the lowrisk types, 6, 11, 42, 43, and 44. When not causing genital warts they may cause a transient abnormality in Pap test results, or most often produce no symptoms at all.In practical terms, a man with genital warts is no more likely than any other sexually active man to transmit cancercausing HPV types to a partner. Experts do recommend that a woman exposed to genital wartsor any other STIhave regular Pap tests. This is because she may have been exposed to highrisk HPV types during unprotected sexual activity. Regular Pap tests are also recommended for any sexually active woman, since HPV infection is very common. It is worth keeping in mind that both men and women may be infected with, and infectious for, highrisk HPV, regardless of whether or not they have genital warts.Myth: An abnormal Pap means cervical cancer.First of all, an abnormal Pap test can be caused by factors other than the presence of a highrisk HPV type. When a Pap test comes back as abnormal, it means just that: Under the microscope, the appearance of a few cells in this sample differs in some way from the classic appearance of healthy, intact cervical cells. The difference could be due to local irritation, a nonHPV infection, a lowrisk HPV type, or even a mistake in the preparation of the cell sample.To help sort out the various possibilities, a woman with an abnormal Pap test is often asked to come back to the doctors office and have the test repeated. Most nonsignificant reasons for an abnormal result last only a short time, and so repeating the Pap test after a few months usually weeds these out. Even if the result is again abnormal, this rarely means that cancer is imminent. In an overwhelming majority of cases, a truly abnormal Pap test is due to preinvasive disease, not invasive disease per se.Followup tests such as colposcopy and biopsy can help evaluate the abnormality and remove any potentially malignant cells. If further treatment is recommended, the patient and her healthcare provider usually have several options to consider, and time in which to consider them.What if a woman with a persistently abnormal Pap test does not receive treatment? This scenario is very unlikely in the developed countries, where the followup measures described above are standard practice. But even supposing that a woman went untreated after repeated abnormal Pap results, she still would have the odds on her side, because only one out of four cases of cervical lesions will progress to cancer if left on its own. And treatment is almost always successful in preventing cervical cancer if the abnormal cells are found in time.But this very effective system of protection can work only when each woman takes responsibility for the first step herself, by having a Pap test at regular intervals. According to the National Cancer Institute, about half of women with newly diagnosed cervical cancer have never had a Pap test, and another 10 have not had a test in the past five years.Myth: If I have HPV, I will have recurrences.Warts and dysplasia do recur (come back) in some cases, but by no means all. When they recur, they show varying persistence: Some people experience just one more episode, and others several. The good news for most people is that with time, the immune system seems to take charge of the virus, making recurrences less frequent and often eliminating them entirely within about two years.The limiting factor here is the state of the immune system itself. According to Thomas Sedlacek, MD, adjunct professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Allegheny University, if an individuals immune system is impairedby the use of certain medications, by HIV infection, or by some temporary trauma such as excessive stress, serious illness, or surgeryit may be unable to prevent a recurrence. However, if the immune system is weakened only temporarily, most likely the recurrence will be shortlived.The concern about lifelong recurrences may be based on a misconception rather than a myth. Its true that at present there is no known cure for genital human papillomavirus. As a virus, it will remain in the infected persons cells for an indefinite timemost often in a latent state but occasionally producing symptoms or disease, as we have discussed elsewhere. Recent studies from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and from the University of Washington suggest that HPV may eventually be cleared, or rooted out altogether, in most people with wellfunctioning immune systems. However, in at least some cases the virus apparently does remain in the body indefinitely, able to produce symptoms if the immune system weakens.Myth: Older women dont need Pap tests.Unfortunately, this myth is shared by many women and healthcare providers alike. Women who are past reproductive age may no longer visit a gynecologist, believing that they no longer need regular Paps. In many cases, no other provider recognizes the need for continued Pap screening. Data from the 1992 National Health Interview Survey indicate that onehalf of all women age 60 and older have not had a Pap test in the past three years.The result can be deadly: One in four cases of cervical cancer, and 41 of deaths, occur in women age 65 and older. Continued Paps may be recommended because HPV can recur even after years of latency.However, according the guidelines published by the American Cancer Society in 2002, women age 70 and older may discontinue screening if they have 3 or more normal Pap tests, and no abnormal tests in the last 10 years.Whats best for you? Speak with your healthcare provider to see what is recommended, given your own medical history.Myth: Warts arent contagious after treatment.Medical opinion is not settled on this point. The closest to a consensus might be phrased as, Dont be too sure.Transmission of HPV poses a major challenge to researchers, not only because it involves sexual behavior, which people may or may not feel free to talk about, but also because HPVs long and variable period of latency makes it virtually impossible to trace back to a specific partner. When considering the infectiousness of treated or untreated warts, therefore, researchers must fall back on indirect observations and on reasoning from what they do know about this virus. Some specialists think that removing genital warts may lower the risk of transmission, since it debulks the areas of tissue that contain infectious particles. But since the area surrounding any visible warts is also likely to contain infectious HPV particles, removing the warts cannot eliminate the risk.A person may have good reasons for wanting his or her genital warts removedthey may be uncomfortable physically or psychologically. But removing warts cannot guarantee that the risk of transmission is removed.Myth: Lesbians dont need regular Pap tests.This myth is based on an overly simple view of how HPV can be transmitted. Certainly, penilevaginal sex can pass the virus along from one partner to another, but HPV can be passed through other forms of skintoskin contact as well.The most recent evidence for this comes from a study under way at the University of Washington, which has found a number of genital HPV infections among lesbian womeneven in some women who had never had sex with a man. Genital HPV in lesbians has not yet been extensively studied, but researchers suspect the prevalence rates will be lower than among heterosexuals. Even so, the rates will not be low enough to rule out the risk of cervical cancer altogether, so a regularly scheduled Pap test is a smart health measure for gay and straight women alike.Myth: If a woman has an abnormal Pap, her male partner needs to be tested for HPV.Based on our experience with other infections, this would seem like a good idea. However, thus far there is no diagnostic test that can accurately determine whether a man is carrying an HPV infection. And even if he does, there is no way to treat him for the virus.According to recent guidelines drafted by the CDC, examination of sex partners is not necessary as followup to an abnormal Pap test. Its certainly possibleeven likelythat the partner is or has been infected with the virus, although highly unlikely that he will ever show any symptoms. Nor is it possible to determine whether he can spread HPV to a future partner.However, if a woman has external genital warts, her partner may still consider scheduling a medical exam. It may be useful for a male partner to talk with a health care provider to gain more information. And of course, if a man starts to notice symptoms of his own, such as unexplained bumps or lesions in his genital area, he should get medical attention at once.Myth: If Ive always used condoms, Im not at risk for HPV.Unfortunately, this is not always the case. Used correctly, condoms are very effective against STIs such as gonorrhea and HIV that are spread through bodily fluids. However, they are likely to be less protective against STIs that spread through skintoskin contact, such as HPV and herpes. The reason is simply that condoms do not cover the entire genital area of either sex. They leave the vulva, anus, perineal area, base of the penis, and scrotum uncovered, and contact between these areas can transmit HPV.That is not to say condoms are useless. In fact, studies have shown condom use can lower the risk of acquiring HPV infection and reduce the risk of HPVrelated diseases, as well as help prevent other STs and unintended pregnancy. For these reasons, condoms should play an important part in any new or nonmonogamous sexual relationship.Adapted from 10 Myths About HPV by Sandra Ackerman. Reprinted from HPV News (c) 1998 The American Sexual Health AssociationPrimary Sidebar

Subscribe to Health DiseaseQuestion: Ive recently been diagnosed with genital warts. Is it ethical to even consider ever having sex again? I want to have sex but knowing that I could potentially be spreading a cancer is heavy stuff.Many men and women have questions about the human papillomavirus also called HPV particularly given how often HPV is in the media these days thanks to news about two vaccines, Gardisil and Cervarix, that can prevent the transmission of some strains of HPV.The short answer to your question is that yes, it is indeed ethical and common to have sex after having been diagnosed with genital warts, which are caused by HPV.Now for the longer explanation.What to Know About HPVThere are more than 100 strains of HPV. Somewhere around 40 of these can affect the genital skin. Only a few of these strains can cause genital warts. And only a few of these strains are linked to cancer.However, the strains that cause genital warts do not cause cancer, so if you have been diagnosed with genital warts that does not mean that you have strains that are linked to various cancers.That doesnt mean that you dont have any of the HPV strains that have been linked to cancer in fact, you might. But you know what? Many, many people have been exposed to HPV and very few of them ever develop cancer. Just because an HPV strain has been linked to cancer does not mean that it will cause cancer.Most people with HPV do not ever develop cancer. In fact, most people with HPV do not experience any noticeable or problematic symptoms of infection.Living With HPVAn estimated 6080 of sexually active women and men will be exposed to HPV over their lives. The vast majority of them continue to have sex after they have been exposed to HPV or diagnosed with genital warts. So yes, you can continue to have sex and to seek out meaningful, pleasurable relationships with others.That said, it would be kind and responsible of you to tell past and future partners about your diagnosis of genital warts. You may or may not pass HPV on to your partners. You cannot cure yourself of the virus at the present time. Then again, they may also have strains of HPV that they will pass onto you. Many people who have HPV dont even know it.More Information

Teens Who Dont Have Sex Still at Risk for HPV InfectionBy Rachael Rettner, Senior Writer August 6, 2012 04:15pm ETMORECredit: DreamstimeEven girls who have not had sexual intercourse are at risk for infection with human papillomavirus (HPV), a new study shows.In the study, which involved teen girls and young women, 11.6 percent of those who had never had sexual intercourse were infected with at least one strain of HPV.HPV is a sexually transmitted disease that is most commonly passed between people during vaginal or anal intercourse. But it can also be transmitted through genitaltogenital, or handtogenital contact, which is how the participants in the study likely got the virus, the researchers said. Out of the more than 40 sexually transmitted HPV strains, more than a dozen have been identified as cancercausing, according to the National Cancer Institute.HPV infections are usually transient, but can cause cervical cancer in some people if the infection lingers for long periods.The findings support the recommendation to administer the HPV vaccine to girls ages 11 and 12, before many become sexually active, the researchers said. Doctors and parents should not delay HPV vaccination because a teen is not sexually active, they said.Even before kids have intercourse,theyre being exposed to HPV, said study researcher Lea Widdice, an assistant professor of pediatrics at Cincinnati Childrens Hospital. Vaccination at 11 to 12 years old is not too early, Widdice said.Because the study was conducted in just one community of mainly African American young women, further research is needed to see if the findings apply to the general population. A high percentage of the participants in the study had become sexually active or had sexual contact, and the prevalence of HPV may be lower in a group with different sexual behaviors, experts say.One of Widdices teammates receives funding from Merck, the company that manufactures the HPV vaccine Gardasil.Teens and HPVWiddice and colleagues analyzed information from 259 girls ages 13 to 21 who visited a clinic in Cincinnati and got their first HPV vaccination between 2008 and 2010. The majority of participants (78 percent) were African American, and 75 percent reported having public health insurance.Participants were asked whether they had ever had sexual intercourse, or whether they had ever had sexual contact without intercourse. A swab was used to collected cell samples from the vagina and cervix (either by doctors or the participants themselves), and the samples were tested for HPV.One hundred ninety participants (73 percent) were sexually experienced, and many had had multiple sexual partners the average number of sexual partners was about six. Among sexually active participants, 133 (70 percent) tested positive for HPV.Of the 69 participants who had not had sex, eight tested positive for HPV, two of whom had HPV16, a highrisk type of HPV. (Most cervical cancers are caused by HPV16 or HPV18.)Higher than expectedEduardo Franco, a cancer epidemiologist at McGill University, in Montreal, said the percentage of girls in the study who tested positive for HPV and had not had sex was higher than he would have expected. But this may be because many of the girls in the group had had some type of sexual exposure, said Franco, who was not involved in the study.Its not clear whether the HPV infections seen in this study were found in the vagina or in the cervix, Franco said. HPV infections in the cervix are more risky in terms of their cancercausing ability, but would be less likely in those who have not had sexual intercourse, Franco said.The vaccines currently available prevent both vaginal and cervical strains, though they must be given before the infection emerges. That said, women who have an HPV infection in the vagina would still be protected against the cervical kind if they then get the HPV vaccine, Franco said.(Gardasil protects four strains of HPV, while the vaccine Cervarix, manufactured by GlaxoSmithKline, protects against two strains.)Widdice and her colleagues detail their results in the August issue of the journal Archives of Pediatric Adolescent Medicine.Pass it on: Girls can get HPV even without sexual intercourse, and so HPV vaccination at a young age is recommended.This story was provided by MyHealthNewsDaily, a sister site to LiveScience. Follow Rachael Rettner on Twitter RachaelRettner , or MyHealthNewsDaily MyHealthMHND . Were also on Facebook Google .Youd Also Like

What else is important to know about HPV infection?What is HPV ?There are over 100 types of human papillomavirus (HPV), each one having a number to identify it, for example HPV 6, HPV 11, HPV 16 and HPV 18. Human papillomaviruses are viruses that can infect many parts of the body. Some types of HPV are sexually transmitted and can cause warts or other consequences such as cancer (e.g., cervical, penile and anal). The types of HPV that infect the anal and genital (anogenital) areas are not the same as the ones that infect other areas of the body such as the fingers, hands and face. The types which cause anogenital warts do not usually cause cancer.The various types of HPV are often classified into low and high risk according to their association with cancer. The lowrisk types are rarely associated with cancer. The highrisk types are more likely to lead to the development of cancer. Although certain types of HPV are associated with cancer, the development of HPV related cancer is considered a rare event.What are the signs and symptoms of HPV infection in men?Most men who have an anogenital HPV infection do not have any symptoms and most infections will go away without treatment within a couple of years. However, in some people HPV infections can persist for many years.Some people with a HPV infection may develop anogenital warts (see below: Does HPV cause anogenital warts?). HPV infection is also associated with the development of cancers in men including penile and anal. The precancerous and cancerous changes that may result from HPV infection usually do not present with any noticeable symptoms, and therefore regular health checkups are essential.Does HPV cause anogenital warts?Some HPV infections, mostly HPV 6 and HPV 11, can cause anogenital warts. Anogenital warts are usually fleshcoloured, soft to the touch and may appear as tiny flat bumps, or bumps that look like cauliflowers. They are usually painless but may itch. They usually grow in more than one location and may cluster in large groups. Sometimes anogenital warts can be present but may not be visible if they are internal (i.e. inside the vagina or rectum) or if they are on the skin but are too small to be seen. Anogenital warts do not turn into cancer. If you are sexually active, you should have regular checkups. If you think you have warts you should speak with a health care professional.What is the link between HPV infection and cancer?Persistent HPV infection, with high risk types, is the major cause of over 99 of cervical cancers. Infection with highrisk HPV types has also been found to be an important cause of anal cancer. HPV can also play a role in the development of cancers of the penis and oropharynx (in the throat, at the back of the mouth). Both anal and penile cancers are rare in Canada, but the rates of anal cancer are increasing. Anal cancers are found at high rates in HIV positive men and women and men who have sex with men.How do men get anogenital HPV ?HPV is estimated to be one of the most common sexually transmitted infections in Canada and around the world. Any person who is sexually active can get the virus. Studies show that approximately 75 of sexually active men and women will acquire an anogenital HPV infection at some point in their lives. Most HPV infections occur without any symptoms and go away without treatment within two years.The types of HPV that cause anogenital warts (mostly HPV 6 and HPV 11) are spread by skintoskin contact, usually during vaginal, anal, or possibly oral sex with someone who has the infection. It is possible, however, to become infected with the virus without having penetrative sex if you come into contact with an infected area (skintoskin) in the anogenital region. HPV infection is more likely to be transmitted when warts are present, but the virus(es) can be transmitted even when there are no visible warts.It is possible to be infected by more than one type of HPV at a time.Does HPV infection mean that someone has cheated in a relationship?A recent diagnosis of anogenital warts or HPV related precancerous or cancerous lesion(s) does not necessarily mean that a partner has been unfaithful. Infection with HPV may have occurred years ago and the virus can remain in the body for weeks, years, or even a lifetime, without any sign of an infection. This makes it hard to know exactly when or from whom someone got the virus. There is no way to find out how long a particular infection has been there. Most people who have an anogenital HPV infection are not aware of it.Is there a test for HPV , related cancers or anogenital warts in men?Currently, in Canada there is an HPV DNA test approved for women but not for men. However, it is possible to detect anogenital warts, which are the most common consequence of an HPV infection in men. Anogenital warts are diagnosed by a visual inspection during a physical exam by a health care professional. It is important to remember that just because you cannot see warts, does not mean that you do not have any. They may be small, or in a place where you cannot see them, such as inside the rectum. It is important to have regular checkups by a health care professional.There are currently no general screening recommendations in place for penile or anal cancer. The Pap (Papanicolaou) test can be used to screen for cell changes in the anus (precancerous and cancerous changes) in the same way it is used to detect cell changes in the cervix of woman. Researchers are still working to see if this is both an adequate and costeffective way to screen for anal cancer. In the absence of screening recommendations or effective screening tests, it is very important to have regular checkups and to tell your health care professional about any signs or symptoms you are having.Can HPV be treated?Although there is no cure for HPV infection, warts, lesions and precancerous and cancerous changes caused by the viruses can be managed andor treated. No treatment guarantees that the HPV infection is no longer present in the body.Some treatments for anogenital warts, such as cryotherapy (freezing the warts), are done in a clinic or doctors office while other treatments, such as prescription creams, can be used at home. Repeat treatments are often necessary. Just because you can no longer see the wart does not mean the HPV infection is gone the virus may still be present which means you could develop warts again without being reexposed to the virus. For most people, warts will clear on their own over time.The lesions and precancerous changes caused by high risk types of HPV can be treated if a health care provider feels that it is necessary. A large number of these infections will clear without any treatment. Only a small number of high risk persistent infections will progress to cancer. As with many other cancers, early detection is one of the key factors to successful treatment.Discuss treatment options with a health care professional to determine which treatment choice may be best for you. People who are immunocompromised, especially those who are HIVpositive, may require special care.What if my partner has an abnormal Pap test or anogenital warts?If a woman has abnormalities detected on a Pap test or cervical cancer there is no need for her sex partner(s) to seek clinical assessment and treatment unless assessment is needed for HPV symptoms (i.e. anogenital warts) or other sexually transmitted infections. Similarly, if your sexual partner has a current or previous history of anogenital warts or HPV infection, there is no need to seek clinical assessment and treatment unless assessment is needed for HPV symptoms or other sexually transmitted infections.How can you protect yourself from getting HPV ?While condoms do not eliminate the risk of HPV infection, using a condom, consistently and properly during vaginal, anal and oral sex decreases the chances of getting HPV or passing it on to your partner. You need to remember that a condom can only protect the area it covers, so it may be possible to become infected by any uncovered warts (e.g., on the scrotum). Using a condom will also help to protect you from other sexually transmitted infections and reduce the chances of unintended pregnancies.Other ways to reduce your risk of infection include delaying sexual activity (waiting until you are older), limiting your number of sex partners and considering your partners sexual history as this can create a risk to yourself (e.g., if they have had multiple previous partners).There are now two HPV vaccines authorized for use in Canada: Gardasil and Cervarix.Gardasil provides protection against four HPV types: two that cause approximately 70 per cent of all cervical cancers ( HPV 16, HPV 18) and two that cause approximately 90 per cent of all anogenital warts in males and females ( HPV 6, HPV 11). It is approved for use in females and males aged 9 to 26.Cervarix provides protection against the two HPV types that cause approximately 70 per cent of all cervical cancers ( HPV 16 and HPV 18). It has been approved for use in females aged 10 to 25.For more detail on the HPV vaccine see the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Prevention and HPV Vaccine fact sheet.What else is important to know about HPV infection?Remember, HPV infections are common. People should not be judged negatively because they have an infection that is transmitted sexually as it is not a reflection of personal character. It is important to realize that even with an HPV or another sexually transmitted infection it is still possible to lead a healthy balanced life, including a fulfilling sex life. Considering the link between HPV and cancer it is important to remember that if you have an HPV infection, it is unlikely that you will develop cancer.Report a problem or mistake on this pagePrivacy statementThe information you provide through this survey is collected under the authority of the Department of Employment and Social Development Act (DESDA) for the purpose of measuring the performance of Canada.ca and continually improving the website. Your participation is voluntary.Please do not include sensitive personal information in the message box, such as your name, address, Social Insurance Number, personal finances, medical or work history or any other information by which you or anyone else can be identified by your comments or views.Any personal information collected will be administered in accordance with the Department of Employment and Social Development Act , the Privacy Act and other applicable privacy laws governing the protection of personal information under the control of the Department of Employment and Social Development. Survey responses will not be attributed to individuals.If you wish to obtain information related to this survey, you may submit a request to the Department of Employment and Social Development pursuant to the Access to Information Act . Instructions for making a request are provided in the publication InfoSource , copies of which are located in local Service Canada Centres.You have the right to file a complaint with the Privacy Commissioner of Canada regarding the institutions handling of your personal information at: How to file a complaint .When making a request, please refer to the name of this survey: Report a Problem or Mistake on This Page.Please select all that apply:Something is brokenIt has a spelling or grammar mistakeThe information is wrongI cant find what Im looking forSubmitThank you for your help!You will not receive a reply. For enquiries, contact us .Date modified:

NCCC ShopHPV and RelationshipsThe emotional toll of dealing with HPV is often as difficult as the medical aspects and can be more awkward to address. This may be the area where you feel most vulnerable, and the lack of clear counseling messages can make this even more stressful, especially where relationships are concerned.We regularly receive questions about what to tell either a current or future sex partner about HPV, for example. The better educated you are about HPV, the easier it is to give partners the information needed to answer common questions. Use the information in this section (and elsewhere on NCCCs Web site) to give yourself a good foundation of knowledge.Talking to a PartnerBefore discussing things with a partner think about addressing any of your own questions or issues about HPV. This is to help establish your own comfort level and is where knowledge really does equal power. One of the most important aspects of coping with HPV, and helping partners develop a good understanding of the virus, is getting factual information and avoiding myths and hype.It may also be a good idea to have resources to which you can direct a partner, so you know they turn to trustworthy sources for information. In addition to NCCCs Web pages, see ourResources page for more sites with HPV information.When talking to a partner, first remember that having HPV does not mean you have done anything wrong. As mentioned above, most sexually active people are likely to be exposed to HPV at some point, though most never have visible symptoms and remain unaware. Having HPV simply means you, like so many others, have been exposed to a common virus. It is not a reflection on you, your character, or your values, and conversations with partners should not be viewed as making a confession or offering an apology. With a new relationship it may be good to date for a while and allow aspects of the relationship besides sex to develop as you get to know one another and become closer.Most sexually active couples share HPV until the immune response suppresses the infection. Partners who are sexually intimate only with each other are not likely to pass the same virus back and forth. When HPV infection goes away the immune system will remember that HPV type and keep a new infection of the same HPV type from occurring again. However, because there are many different types of HPV, becoming immune to one HPV type may not protect you from getting HPV again if exposed to another HPV type.Key Points to ShareHPV types:There are over 100 types of HPV, about 30 of which are primarily associated with anogenital skin and sexual transmission. Of these types, some can cause genital warts (lowrisk HPV) while others may cause abnormal cell changes, most commonly of the cervix (highrisk HPV).HPV Latency:It can take weeks, months, or even years after exposure to HPV before symptoms develop or the virus is detected. This is why it is usually impossible to determine when or from whom HPV may have been contracted.A recent diagnosis of HPV does not necessarily mean anyone has been unfaithful, even in a longterm relationship spanning years.Medical Impact:The medical risks of genital HPV do exist and should not to be overlooked, but a key point is that for most people, HPV is a harmless infection that does not result in visible symptoms or health complications.Very few cases of highrisk HPV will lead to cervical cancer, for example, primarily because the immune response is usually able to suppress the virus before cancer develops. In some cases, HPV may cause cell changes that persist for years, and the cells can eventually become cancerous if not detected in time. However, regular screening (such as Pap tests) can almost always find abnormalities so they can be treated, if needed, before cancer occurs.Some other cancers associated with highrisk HPV include those of the anus, penis, vagina, and vulva. These cancers are not common and are very rare in industrialized nations, however.Testing Partners for HPVCurrent partners are likely to share HPV, but this may be difficult to prove. Testing options for HPV are limited and most cases are never diagnosed.Pap tests, for example are not specific screening for HPV they are designed to detect abnormal cell changes of the cervix. HPV DNA testing is not currently approved to test infection status. HPV tests are approved for clinical use with women as 1) followup with unclear Pap test results or 2) as primary screening for those over age 30.Screening for men usually consists of a visual inspection to look for lesions (such as warts). Some health care providers apply an acetic wash (vinegar) as a means of highlighting lesions, but this is not a specific test for HPV and may lead to overdiagnosis.Most cases of HPV, in either gender, remain unconfirmed clinically.Passing on HPV after treatmentMuch remains unknown about HPV transmission when symptoms (lesions such as warts or cell changes) arent present, so experts cannot fully answer this question. However, studies show that in most cases a healthy immune system will be likely to clear, or suppress, HPV eventually. Some cases may persist for years and result in recurrent lesions, but this is not the norm. The bottom line is that most who have genital HPV DNA detected in research studies eventually test negative, often within a year or two.Many researchers and clinicians do believe subclinical HPV (virus may be in skin cells but no lesions are present) is less likely to be transmitted than when warts or cell changes are detected, probably due to a reduced viral load, and subsequently think it is reasonable to say the chances of transmitting virus years after the last clinical episode (where lesions were detected) will become increasingly remote over time. This is not easy to prove and the lack of a solid yes or no answer is frustrating. Still, HPV does not seem likely to always be active.NCCC is a program ofListen

Can I prevent HPV?Who can get HPV?Anyone who has ever had genital contact with another person may have HPV. Both men and women may get it and pass it on without knowing it. Since there might not be any signs, a person may have HPV even if years have passed since he or she had sex.You are more likely to get HPV if you have:sex at an early age,many sex partners, ora sex partner who has had many partners.If there are no signs, why do I need to worry about HPV?There are over 100 different kinds of HPV and not all of them cause health problems. Some kinds of HPV may cause problems like genital warts. Some kinds of HPV can also cause cancer of the cervix, vagina, vulva, or anus. Most of these problems are caused by types 6, 11, 16 or 18.Is there a test for HPV?Yes. It tests for the kinds of HPV that may lead to cervical cancer. The FDA approved the HPV test to be used for women over 30 years old. It may find HPV even before there are changes to the cervix. Women who have the HPV test still need to get the Pap test.Can I prevent HPV?FDA has approved vaccines that prevent certain diseases, including cervical cancer, caused by some types of HPV. Ask your doctor if you should get the HPV Vaccine.What else can I do to lower my chances of getting HPV?You can choose not to have sex (abstinence).If you have sex, you can limit the number of partners you have.Choose a partner who has had no or few sex partners. The fewer partners your partner has had the less likely he or she is to have HPV.It is not known how much condoms protect against HPV. Areas not covered by a condom can be exposed to the virus.Is there a cure for HPV?There is no cure for the virus (HPV) itself. There are treatments for the health problems that HPV can cause, such as genital warts, cervical changes, and cervical cancer.What should I know about genital warts?There are many treatment choices for genital warts. But even after the warts are treated, the virus might still be there and may be passed on to others. If genital warts are not treated they may go away, stay the same, or increase in size or number, but they will not turn into cancer.HPV and CancerWhat should I know about cervical cancer?All women should get regular Pap tests. The Pap test looks for cell changes caused by HPV. The test finds cell changes early so the cervix can be treated before the cells turn into cancer. This test can also find cancer in its early stages so it can be treated before it becomes too serious. It is rare to die from cervical cancer if the disease is caught early.What should I know about vaginal or vulvar cancer?Vaginal cancer is cancer of the vagina (birth canal). Vulvar cancer is cancer of the clitoris, vaginal lips, and opening to the vagina. Both of these kinds of cancer are very rare. Not all vaginal or vulvar cancer is caused by HPV.What should I know about anal cancer?Anal cancer is cancer that forms in tissues of the anus. The anus is the opening of the rectum (last part of the large intestine) to the outside of the body.To Learn More About HPV

To receive Publications email updatesEnter emailSubmitHuman papillomavirusHuman papillomavirus , or HPV, is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the United States. About 80 of women will get at least one type of HPV at some point in their lifetime. 1 It is usually spread through vaginal, oral, or anal sex. Many women do not know they have HPV, because it usually has no symptoms and usually goes away on its own. Some types of HPV can cause illnesses such as genital warts or cervical cancer. There is a vaccine to help you prevent HPV.Expand allCollapse allWhat is human papillomavirus (HPV)?HPV is the name for a group of viruses that includes more than 100 types. More than 40 types of HPV can be passed through sexual contact. The types that infect the genital area are called genital HPV.Who gets HPV?Genital HPV is the most common STI in the United States for both women and men. About 79 million Americans have HPV. 2 It is so common that 80 of women will get at least one type of HPV at some point in their lifetime. 1How do you get HPV?HPV is spread through:Vaginal, oral, or anal sex. HPV can be spread even if there are no symptoms. This means you can get HPV from someone who has no signs or symptoms.Genital touching. A man does not need to ejaculate (come) for HPV to spread. HPV can also be passed between women who have sex with women.Childbirth from a woman to her babyWhat are the symptoms of HPV?Most people with HPV do not have any symptoms. This is one reason why women need regular Pap tests . Experts recommend that you get your first Pap test at age 21. 3 The Pap test can find changes on the cervix caused by HPV. If you are a woman between ages 30 and 65, your doctor might also do an HPV test with your Pap test every five years. This is a DNA test that detects most types of HPV.Another way to tell if you have an HPV infection is if you have genital warts . Genital warts usually appear as a small bump or group of bumps in the genital area. They can be small or large, raised or flat, or shaped like a cauliflower. Doctors can usually diagnose warts by looking at the genital area.What health problems can HPV cause?HPV usually goes away on its own and does not cause any health problems. But when HPV does not go away, it can cause health problems including:Other genital cancers (such as cancers of the vulva, vagina, penis, or anus)Oropharyngeal cancer (cancer of the back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils)Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (a rare condition that causes warts to grow in the respiratory tract)Do I need to get tested for HPV?If you are 21 to 29 years old, your doctor might suggest the HPV test if you have had an unusual or unclear Pap test result. The test will help determine if HPV caused the abnormal cells on your cervix. Most women younger than 30 do not need the HPV test, because the immune system fights off HPV within two years in 90 of cases in that age group. 4If you are 30 years or older, you may choose to have the HPV test along with the Pap test to screen for cervical cancer .If results of both tests are normal, your chance of getting cervical cancer in the next few years is very low. Your doctor might then say that you can wait up to five years for your next HPV screening.How does HPV affect pregnancy?HPV does not affect your chances of getting pregnant, but it may cause problems during pregnancy.Some possible problems during pregnancy include:Cervical cell changes. Continue to get regular cervical cancer screening during and after pregnancy to help your doctor find any changes.Genital warts that bleed and grow. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause any genital warts that you had before getting pregnant or that you get during pregnancy to bleed and grow (in size and number).Cesarean section. If genital warts block the birth canal, you may need to have a cesarean section (Csection).Health problems in the baby. A woman with genital HPV can very rarely pass it on to her baby. Babies and children may develop growths in their airways from HPV. This rare but potentially serious condition is called recurrent respiratory papillomatosis.Can HPV be cured?No, HPV has no cure. Most often, HPV goes away on its own. If HPV does not go away on its own, there are treatments for the genital warts and cervical cell changes caused by HPV.How can I prevent HPV?There are two ways to prevent HPV. One way is get an HPV vaccine . The other way to prevent HPV or any STI is to not have sexual contact with another person.If you do have sex, lower your risk of getting an STI with the following steps:Use condoms. Condoms are the best way to prevent STIs when you have sex. Although HPV can also happen in female and male genital areas that are not protected by condoms, research shows that condom use is linked to lower cervical cancer rates. The HPV vaccine does not replace or decrease the need to wear condoms. Make sure to put the condom on before the penis touches the vagina, mouth, or anus. Also, other methods of birth control , like birth control pills, shots, implants, or diaphragms , will not protect you from STIs.Get tested. Be sure you and your partner are tested for STIs. Talk to each other about the test results before you have sex.Be monogamous. Having sex with just one partner can lower your risk for STIs. After being tested for STIs, be faithful to each other. That means that you have sex only with each other and no one else.Limit your number of sex partners. Your risk of getting STIs goes up with the number of partners you have.Do not douche. Douching removes some of the normal bacteria in the vagina that protects you from infection. This may increase your risk of getting STIs.Do not abuse alcohol or drugs. Drinking too much alcohol or using drugs increases risky behavior and may put you at risk of sexual assault and possible exposure to STIs.The steps work best when used together. No single step can protect you from every single type of STI.What is the HPV vaccine?The HPV vaccine prevents cervical cancer in women. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the HPV vaccine to prevent HPV and related diseases, including cervical cancer.When can I get the HPV vaccine?Experts recommend the HPV vaccine for 11 or 12 year olds. The HPV vaccine works best when you get it before you have any type of sexual contact with anyone else. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the HPV vaccine for girls and women from 9 through 26.If you are 26 or younger and never had the HPV vaccine, or did not get all of the HPV shots, ask your doctor or nurse about getting vaccinated.The HPV vaccine is given in two or three doses, over a 6 to 12month period. Spacing out the HPV shots helps your immune system develop the antibodies against HPV. The schedule for HPV vaccine shots depend on the age and health history of the person getting it. 5Talk to your doctor to find out if getting vaccinated is recommended for you based on your age and health history.Do I need the HPV vaccine if I have already had sexual contact?Yes. You can still benefit from the HPV vaccine if you have already had sexual contact. The vaccine can protect you from HPV types you havent gotten yet. However, the vaccine isrecommended for most people only if you are 26 years old or younger.If I get the HPV vaccine, do I still need to use a condom?Yes. The vaccine does not replace or decrease the need to wear condoms. Using condoms lowers your risk of getting other types of HPV and other STIs .Do I still need a Pap test if I got the HPV vaccine?Yes. There are three reasons why:Although the HPV vaccineprotects against many of the HPV types that cause cervical cancer, it does notprevent all HPV types that cause cervical cancer.You might not be fully protected if you did not get all the vaccine doses (or at the recommended ages).You might not fully benefit from the vaccine if you were vaccinated after getting one or more types of HPV before vaccination.Could I have HPV even if my Pap test was normal?Yes. You can have HPV but still have a normal Pap test. Changes on your cervix might not show up right away or they might never appear. For women 30 years and older who get an HPV test and a Pap test , a negative result on both the Pap and HPV tests means no cervical changes or HPV were found on the cervix. This means you have a very low chance of developing cervical cancer in the next few years.If I had HPV that went away on its own, can I get it again?Yes. There are many types of HPV, so you can get it again.Can women who have sex with women get HPV?Yes. It is possible to get HPV, or any other STI, if you are a woman who has sex only with women.Talk to your partner about her sexual history before having sex, and ask your doctor about getting tested if you have symptoms of HPV.Did we answer your question about HPV?For more information about HPV, call the OWH Helpline at 18009949662 or contact the following organizations:

Privacy Policy About UsFor a long time, docs thought that practicing safe sex and keeping up with regular trips to the gyno (which you should always be doing anyway) were enough to ward off the STD. But according to new research published in the journal Sexual Health, HPV can be transmitted not only from nonpenetrative sexual behaviors but also from seemingly safe spaces like your doctors office. Say what?Researchers analyzed 51 studies on HPV transmission, and they noticed that the virus was found in the genital tracts of 51 percent of female virgins. This left them asking: If not through sex, how are people contracting it?Sign up for Womens Healths new newsletter, So This Happened , to get the days trending stories and health studies.There are two possibilities. The first is through other types of genital contact. Even if you and your partner arent having fullblown PinV sex, you can still get it from other types of fooling aroundlike by touching your guy or gals stuff (several of the studies showed evidence of handtogenital HPV transmittance) or playing with sex toys (researchers say that among samples of HPVpositive women they examined, HPV DNA was found on vibrators that had used 24 hours after they had been cleaned).The second possibility makes us even more squeamish. You might be able pick up HPV by coming into contact with an infected surface at the doctors office or in public places like the gym. If the examining table or bike seat you sit down on in your booty shorts hasnt been properly cleaned, you could be at risk.Obviously, doctors offices should be diligently cleaning all instruments and exam rooms between patients, so youre less likely to encounter the risk there. But gyms and locker rooms are not always as clean as wed like to hope. So make sure you wipe down your equipment before and after you use it, avoid supershort shorts that leave room for accidental ladybit exposure, and always be sure to lay down a towel before entering a sauna or steam room in the buff.

Home Questions from Readers: HPV TransmissionQuestions from Readers: HPV TransmissionCrazyconcerned asks: I am a mother and I am concerned about transmitting genital HPV to my children. Is there any way it could be transmitted if they use my towel, or bath in my bathtub, diaper changes, if I use the bathroom and forget to wash my hands and then have to change diapers. I am so terrified of hurting them.No need to worry. HPV cannot be transmitted by use of a towel or in the bathwater or through diaper changes. Enjoy your baby! You wont transmit HPV to the baby.B asks: Ive never had sex but had contact w someone. This was 3 years ago. Im engaged to someone else whos never had sex will be married in 2 months. Im worried about him I dont want him to be sick. Ive recently been diagnosed w HPV dont know what to do. Dr. didnt tell me anything. What should we do?Being diagnosed with HPV is not the end of the world! Most women and men will have HPV at some time in their life and only a very small proportion will have cervical cancer or precancers. Nevertheless, it is very important to see your doctor regularly and to follow recommendations about how to deal with your HPV. This is what will keep it from turning into a problem. Make sure you know when your doctor wants you to return for your next checkup. Many times the safest way to proceed is to just wait and see if the HPV clears on its own. Most do clear and when they dont, the changes are very slow, so you have time to be cautious. You and your husband neednt let this spoil your upcoming wedding. Best wishes to both of you.Paige asks: I have HPV and had genital warts a year ago. I had them treated and havent had them since. If I find a new sex partner, can they get warts even though I havent had them for so long?Not all who are exposed to the HPV types that cause warts will get warts. Transmission is less likely to occur when there are no active lesions.Lucia asks:Youve said that 80 of individuals may have HPV at some point in their lives. Does this mean that if you get abnormal cells following a smear test and your bodys immune system clears it up, you can get rid of it for good? Are you able to pass it onto someone if it is dormant at the time?We are learning more about HPV all the time. What scientists now think is that when the HPV is cleared, it lies dormant in your body. When it is dormant stage, it does not appear that it is passed on to your partner.Unknown asks: I recently had a pap come back abnormal. Does it mean that I have HPV? I have been with the same partner for almost 2 yrs. Does it mean that he was unfaithful or was a carrier or was it just dormant in my system? Also, could it have been from my partner almost 3 yrs ago? Thank you for your time.The Pap test has worked better than any other screening test in preventing cancer. But, like most screening tests, it is not perfect. Your Pap test may show that abnormal cells are present, when there are not. Thats called a false positive test.On the other hand, it may be that you do have HPV and that cells in your cervix are starting to change. It is impossible to tell where the infection came from. It could have been with you for a long time.Please follow up with your doctors recommendations and keep the HPV in control.Nancy asks: I tested positive for HPV. Been with my bf for 2 yrs monogamously with unprotected sex. If we keep having unprotected sex, will that lessen my chances of my body clearing the infection?? Thanks.Having sex does not affect the way your HPV infection clears.Kat asks: I just found out a month ago that I have a high risk HPV. How can I protect my boyfriend from getting it? And is there any way to get rid of it any faster?Condoms offer some protection against transmitting the HPV virus from one partner to the other. But they dont cover all areas of the body where the virus can be transmitted. But thats your best bet. HPV is transmitted very easily so there is a good chance that your boyfriend already has the virus. Once you both have it, it is not likely that youll continue to reinfect each other. As to getting rid of the HPV virusThere is no faster way. Your immune system fights off the infection and if you eat well, exercise, get enough sleep and dont smoke, your chances of fighting it off are enhanced.Naomi asks: Ive recently been diagnosed with HPV and am worried about my 3 year old daughter and if she could have it from sharing baths, toilets or towels with me, etc. Could I have had it at her birth just didnt show up on the testing yet? Can a child be tested?Thanks.You dont need to worry about your daughter having HPV now. She cannot get HPV from sharing a bath or a towel or sitting on the same toilet seat as you. HPV is sexually transmitted, not in the other ways you were worrying about. But do think about getting her vaccinated against HPV when she reaches the age of 11 or so.Dee asks: Im 20 and I just found out that I have high risk HPV. I have a boyfriend and I want to know will he have high risk HPV like me or low risk?When you transmit an HPV virus to your partner, it is the same type of virus that you have. Even though there are over a hundred different types of HPV, they are separate viruses and dont morph into another type. HPV is fairly easily transmitted. So your boyfriend is likely to have the same type that you have. But it is also likely that it will clear on its own for both of you.Phyllis asks: Ive been married and monogamous for 20 years. Recently I found out that I have high risk HPV, but I have never had an abnormal pap, which I do annually. My doctor said I should just continue with annual pap. Will reactivated HPV viruses from old infections go away on its ownbecome dormant again?Its possible your high risk HPV will clear on its own. The important thing for you to do is to continue to get your regular Pap tests and to follow your doctors recommendations about follow up to those Paps.Brh asks: I have a follow up with my doctor for abnormal results, which if it is HPV, it was from my previous boyfriend almost 2 years ago. I am recently engaged. So to hear that I have an STD is completely mortifying! I dont know what I need to do and how to explain to him what it is and if it will go away.You express the same worries, anxiety and frustration that so many women feel upon receiving an HPV diagnosis. But you should know that there are 20 million people in the US right now who have the same diagnosis and that it is estimated that 80 of the population will have HPV at some point in their lives. While it is a very common infection, it doesnt often lead to cancer. In the vast majority of cases, it clears up on its own. These are some of the things you can share with your fiance. Chances are that he also has been infected with HPV, if he has had previous sexual contact. The best way to start a loving and supportive marriage is to be honest with one another. Having an HPV infection need not interfere with your sex life.Jennifer asks: Im 18 and they just found out I have HPV. I have a boyfriend but I dont know how I got it!! Will I ever be able to have kids? How do they treat it? Please help.First of all, dont panic! HPV is very common. It is sexually transmitted. So you got it through sexual contact. It is estimated that nearly 80 of women will have an HPV infection by the time they are 50. So you have lots of company. The good news is that the vast majority of HPV infections clear up on their own and dont cause any problems. What you need to do is make sure that you see a doctor regularly and get screened for changes to your cervix as the doctor recommends. Also, take good care of your health eat well, exercise regularly and dont smoke. An HPV infection will not prevent you from getting pregnant.Kelli asks: I just found out I have HPV. I have a boyfriend now who Ive not had sex with. I dont want my sex life to be nonexistent. Condoms are an obvious solution, but what else can I do to help ensure that Im keeping my HPV under control as well as keeping it from passing to him?Good for you for thinking about prevention! Having an HPV infection shouldnt ruin your sex life. But there are a number of preventive measures you can take in addition to using condoms that will help contain or reduce your risk of the infection growing. HPV can clear up on its own and not show up again with the help of a healthy immune system. It can also clear up and then return. And it can just hang around as a persistent infection. In any of these cases, your best bet for reducing your risk of having the HPV infection grow into cancer are similar. You can reduce your risk by practicing healthy lifestyle habits like eating well, exercising and not smoking. If you smoke, quit. Smoking has been shown to significantly increase the likelihood of a persistent HPV infection turning into cancer. And make sure you have regular checkups and follow your doctors advice.Sarah asks: How long after having unprotected sex with a carrier of a high risk HPV can the virus start to affect the cervical cells in my own body? Is it possible for the infection to create abnormal cells within a few months of infection or does it take longer than that?Thanks so much for your time.It is possible for cell changes to start occurring within months. However, the vast majority of these cell changes are not clinically relevant. They are merely manifestations of an active HPV infection. The vast majority of these infections will clear on their own without treatment. The important thing for you to remember is to make sure that you have your regular medical checkups and Pap tests according to the recommended schedule. That way, if the infection doesnt clear you and your doctor can keep on top of it and act before it becomes a serious problem.Kristen asks: Ive been recently diagnosed with low grade HPV and was told that it is likely for it to clear on its own. I am in a monogamous relationship and it is very probable that my boyfriend has it too. If we continue to have unprotected sex, does that lessen my chances of clearing?No, he is likely exposed also and clearance is not related to sex.Laura asks: Since my high risk (precancerous) HPV has cleared up, can I pass it on to my new boyfriend? We have not had sex yet, I just want to know the facts before I tell him and do anything with him.You are asking a question that is on the minds of a lot of women. I applaud you for thinking about your health and that of your partner. Talking with your partner about your HPV infection is an important step. You both need to be involved in the decision about how your relationship will proceed. Some facts to consider when you are talking with your partner are: transmission can occur outside intercourse and condoms can help minimize transmission (but not completely), most HPV infections will clear up on their own and the experts now think that it isnt transmitted when the virus is dormant, and maintain your regular checkups with your healthcare provider so that youll be aware of any changes in your HPV status.Kirstin asks: I dated a guy and had sex with him only once. I found out almost a year later that he had HPV. Could I have gotten it from that one time contact?HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection and it is spread very easily. So it is possible that you could have become infected after one sexual encounter. It is also possible that you will never know whether or not you had it because it is also very likely to clear up on its own.Linda asks: I am married. My husband and I both have HPV. I have the HPV CIN 2 Moderate Severe type. Is it safe for us to still have sex with a condom on? What do married couples do about sex when they have this? Can I get reinfected or will the virus just die out, being that we both are monogamous. Thanks.Chances are that you and your husband have the same HPV types. Theres a lot we dont know about HPV, but most experts think that the same type of HPV virus doesnt pingpong back and forth between the same partners. In other words, you are not likely to reinfect each other with the same HPV type. If the HPV type that you have clears on its own and becomes dormant, it is unlikely that you will pass on the virus while its dormant. Condom usage can reduce your risk of HPV transmission. Please also raise these questions with your healthcare provider. He or she is in the best position to give you personal medical advice.Sally asks: I have learned I have HPV after going to the doctor due to an outbreak, which turned out to be genital warts. Do I have to treat the warts or will they go away over time? Do the warts cause my infection to spread further? Please help.Certain HPV types can cause warts, others can cause precancerous changes elsewhere in the genital tract. The type that causes warts wont cause cervical cancer. Many outbreaks of genital warts are selflimiting and will go away without treatment. When the warts persist, they often need treatment. Please talk to your healthcare provider about the best treatment for you.Allyson asks: How quickly can you develop HPV if sexually active with someone who has it? If you were to go to the gynecologist and get an abnormal pap smear is it possible for it to show up in a few months? Or would it take a few years?Thanks for your time!It can take as little as a month or two for HPV to show up after exposure. Or it can take longer. It is also possible for a newly detected infection to be a reactivation of an old HPV infection. Generally, HPV infections grow slowly. The important thing to do when you know youve been exposed to HPV is to keep a schedule of regular checkups with your healthcare provider. That way you can stay on top of any infection and not let it become cancerous.Unknown asks: I have just been diagnosed with HPV. Im also a lesbian. I have been with my girlfriend for 8 months. Is it possible that she also has HPV, although her pap was normal? Should I stop having sex with her?HPV infection can spread through a number of means other than penetrative intercourse. Skin to skin contact can transmit HPV. So, if you and your partner have been intimate, the likelihood is you both have been exposed to HPV. Remember, most HPV infections clear up on their own and dont go on to cause cancer. Your best protection is through getting annual checkups and regular Pap tests to make sure you do not have any cervical abnormalities. It is also important to maintain healthy habits: eat well, get exercise and dont smoke.Terri asks: My boyfriend told me he was HPV positive from a previous partner. Told me before we did anything. I did Gardasil and he got his warts removed. We want to be more intimate, but Im still nervous about becoming infected. Are there tips for safe sex practices other than condoms people have used?Condoms are the best way to minimize risk from HPV however, they are not 100 percent effective. Smoking is another risk factor. So if you or he smokes, it would be a really good idea to quit! You are to be congratulated for taking such good care of your health.Annie asks: I was diagnosed with HPV 8 yrs ago. The infection cleared up after 6 months. My paps have been normal ever since but recently I had an abnormal pap test again. Does this mean that I have been exposed to a new strain (he is my only partner)?You ask a question that is on a lot of womens minds. Prospective studies have shown that most HPV infections in women who have had prior HPV infections are a reactivation of prior infections. So it is likely that your abnormal Pap test is due to a recurrence of your previous HPV and not a new strain. It sounds like you have been carefully tracking your HPV status with regular visits to your provider. Thats terrific. Its the best way to make sure the infection doesnt progress to a cancer. Good luck to you.Michelle asks: I was recently told I had HPV. Is it safe to still have sex? Ive been with my boyfriend for a couple of months and have not been using condoms. Should we start now? And also, should I think about getting the vaccine.Chances are that your partner has the same HPV types that you have if youre in a long term, monogamous relationship. Theres a lot we dont know about HPV, but most experts think that the same type of HPV virus doesnt pingpong back and forth between the same partners it is likely present in both partners and can recur. Condom usage can reduce your risk of HPV transmission. Please also raise these questions with your healthcare provider. He or she is in the best position to give you personal medical advice including whether or not you should get the vaccine.Sharon asks: Once the HPV is dormant in the body is there a high chance of passing on the virus to others?If HPV is clinically not detectable (dormant), it is unlikely that you will pass it on to others.Linda asks: Is possible to get HPV from oral sex?The answer to your question is currently unknown. While researchers are gathering new information about HPV every year, the question of whether or not oral sex transmits HPV is currently not very wellunderstood.Brenda asks:If I still have sex with my boyfriend before or after I get treated for the coposcopy will I make things worse by having sex with him without condoms?? Or will it make no difference since he has my HPV anyways by now?Chances are that your partner has the same HPV types that you have if youre in a long term relationship and having sex only with each other. Most experts think that the HPV virus doesnt pingpong back and forth between the same partners, so you shouldnt make it worse by having sex after the colposcopy. But please talk to your doctor about these questions and how you can reduce your risk of having the HPV infection return. One important step you can take is to not smoke. Smoking increases the risk of a high risk HPV infection growing into cancer. So if you dont now smoke, dont start. And if you do smoke, quit!Disappointed asks: You said HPV doesnt ping pong or go back and forth between partners. Does it increase the virus load though? Ive had complete Cervarix shots while I was sexually active. Can I still get vaccinated with Gardasil to be protected against other types of HPV?The answer to your first question is that viral load is not routinely tested for in clinical settings. But in research settings, it has been shown that viral load can fluctuate.Tina asks: I had the LEEP procedure in Feb 09 tested HPV negative in Jan 10. In Dec 09, my husband discovered he has genital warts. Is it possible to catch different strains of HPV from each other? Or if we have the same HPV strain, can we reinfect each other?Chances are that your partner has the same HPV types that you have if youre in a long term, monogamous relationship. Theres a lot we dont know about HPV, but most experts think that the same type of HPV virus doesnt pingpong back and forth between the same partners it is likely present in both partners and can recur. Condom usage can reduce your risk of HPV transmission. Please also raise these questions with your healthcare provider. He or she is in the best position to give you personal medical advice.Donna asks: Ive been married for 16 years and recently found out that I have a high risk HPV. Can the virus lay dormant for all these years or did my husband fool around on me???HPV can lay dormant in your body once you have it for a very long time. Researchers are looking at this question but do not yet fully understand how long it can hang around in your body. Your high risk HPV could have been lying dormant for all the time youve been married. There is no way to know. So dont go jumping to conclusions and blame your husband. Make sure that you get regular checkups with your doctor and follow her advice.Iris asks: My boyfriend has HPV. I think he exposed me to it, yet I dont have it and have been talking about having sex again. I am just afraid of getting the actual disease this time. Even though we have decided to use condoms, is there something he can take to get rid of it, or how do I avoid not getting itHPV is a virus that we dont yet have a cure for. So there is no medicine to take to get rid of it once you have it. Im glad youre thinking about how to protect yourself and reduce your risk of getting HPV. You can get vaccinated to protect you from getting HPV if you are a female between the ages of 9 and 26. Condoms are another good method of protection, although they do not cover every area that may potentially be exposed to this virus. Other ways to limit your risk of getting HPV are to limit the number of sexual partners you have, eat well and exercise and dont smoke. HPV is a virus that can cause a lot of problems. Once you have it, it can stay in your body a long time. Please do everything you can to protect yourself.Bob asks: I have just learned that my teenage daughter has HPV, the high risk kind. Should I worry that my other daughter could get the virus by using the same soap or the same towel? Is it possible to be transmitted this way?No need to worry. HPV is transmitted by skin to skin contact. Sex is the most common skin to skin contact when this occurs. It isnt spread through toilet seats or towels eating out of the same bowl of cereal or kissing. So your other daughter is not in danger of contracting the HPV virus from her sister.Doug asks: How long after having sex will the virus show up. If I have been having sex with someone for 6 months is it possible that I gave it to her?The answer to your question is not known. It is not known what the transmission efficacyof HPV is. That is, we do not know the rate by which people actually get an infection for each exposure to the virus. This is in contract to other sexually transmitted microbes, where an exposure often results in infection. There is another unknown about HPV infections to complicate matters. If an HPV shows up at a later time, it is not clear whether this HPV infection is new or a reactivation of an old HPV infection. We have a lot yet to learn about HPV.Sandy asks: I have just gotten the loop procedure done to remove precancerous cells caused by HPV. Will I ever be able to have sex with my boyfriend again or will there always be the risk of contracting HPV again from him?Yes, you will be able to have sex again. However, there is still a lot we do not know about HPV. Most experts think that the HPV virus doesnt pingpong back and forth between the same partners. The LEEP or Cone procedures do not get rid of your HPV infection, only the abnormal cells resulting from persistent HPV infection. Condoms do offer some protection against HPV transmission, as well as other sexually transmitted infections. But HPV can be spread through genital contact and that contact can occur outside of the area covered by a condom. So condoms dont offer complete protection against HPV, but they might offer you some peace of mind.It is thought, though, that after a LEEP or a Cone procedure, your body will mount an effective immune response to assist in clearing the virus. That is why these procedures are so effective, and cervical abnormalities rarely come back after such procedures in women with working immune systems. But this does not happen in all women and it is impossible, at this time, to predict who will have a persistent HPV infection which may lead to a recurrence of abnormal cells. That is why you need to talk about your concerns with your provider and continue to take good care of yourself and get regular checkups and Pap tests, especially if you have had a procedure for abnormal cervical cells.Daniella asks: When I got with my partner 8 years ago he gave me HPV. I went to the doctor and she gave me medicine to make the warts go away. It has been 8 years and I havent had any warts come back. So does that mean I dont have the virus anymore?While most HPV becomes clinically not detectable after some time, this does not necessarily mean it has gone away. You may have cleared the virus or it may still be in your body in nondetectable levels. The good news is that the likelihood of its returning, once it is gone, is small. Most of us have HPV but never know it. It is very common.Joh asks: I am confused about you saying that HPV is ONLY contacted through sex. I was told I had the HPV virus and changed cells etc. But at the time I had not had sex or genital contact with anyone? Can you explain?HPV is transmitted by skin to skin contact. Sex is the most common skin to skin contact when this occurs.Tanika asks:Can HPV strains that cause cancer be spread thru kissing?You asked about kissing as a mode of transmission for HPV. It is not believed that HPV is harbored in the mouth. Thus, the answer to your question is probably no, HPV cannot be spread through kissing. You may be confusing HPV with the Herpes simplex virus (HSV) that causes cold sores.Angela asks: I was just diagnosed with HPV and have been in a relationship for 2 12 years. Can I keep having sex with my partner? Did he give it to me? Can I give it back to him if he gave it to me?You ask a question that a lot of people have asked. Chances are that your partner has the same HPV types that you have since youre in a long term relationship. Theres a lot we dont know about HPV, but most experts think that the HPV virus doesnt pingpong back and forth between the same partners. Condoms do offer some protection against HPV transmission, as well as other sexually transmitted infections. But HPV can be spread through genital contact and that contact can occur outside of the area covered by a condom. So condoms dont offer complete protection against HPV, but they might offer you some peace of mind.HPV is a very common infection. But because it can be undetected in your body for years, it is hard to say who may have given it to you. Most HPV will be attached by your bodys immune system and cleared up on its own, usually within a year or maybe two. But some HPV types hang around for a long time before they start causing trouble. Thus, it is hard to know how long youve had the HPV and who gave it to you. Dont jump to conclusions.Your best bet is to talk to your health care provider and ask these same questions. The two of you and perhaps your partner can have a discussion about the best course for you to take.Johnetta asks: I just found out I have HPV and its really hard for me to understand this. I have only had one partner and feel like maybe he has cheated on me and that is how I got it. I had a Pap a year ago and it was clean and this year it wasnt. I have abnormal cells. So I talked to my partner who swears he didnt cheat. But if he didnt cheat on me, how did I get HPV if its sexually transmitted?I can imagine the shock of hearing that you have HPV and I know that many women have the same questions that you do about how they got this virus. HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection. Nearly 80 of American adults will have it sometime in their lives. It is transmitted through sexual contact. That means genital contact of a close nature, with or without sexual intercourse. HPV viruses can live for many years in your body without any signs or symptoms before starting to effect these changes in your cervix. The HPV virus can remain latent in your body without your knowing it. Thus, it is very hard to know where you contracted the virus. It is important for you to continue to get your regular checkups, Pap and HPV tests and follow your doctors advice.SpotlightElizabeth Young isnt afraid to jump for a cause no matter how high. As a survivor of cervical cancer, Young empowers women through skydiving, running marathons and giving back to the cause. This year is no different with her second skydiving event Mothers Day Weekend.